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Decided by Case pending. While the railroad could probably have based its federal case on the pendent state law claims as well, United Mine Workers v. Gibbs, 383 U. S. 715 (1966), it was free to refrain from doing so and leave the state law questions and the related issue concerning preclusion of state remedies by federal law to the state courts. '4. 63. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co. V. Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers U. S. Supreme Court Transcript of Record with Supporting Pleadings by Allan MILLEDGE, John W. Weldon and Additional Contributors (2011, Trade Paperback) at the best online prices at eBay! The respondent union does contend that the injunction was proper either as a means to protect or effectuate the District Court's 1967 order, or in aid of that court's jurisdiction. The categorization of Defendants' activities as 'secondary' does not alter this state of affairs. The Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit affirmed the granting of injunctive relief on the ground that this action was within the § 2283 exception relating to the effectuation of federal court judgments. App. and S. S. Clerks, Freight Handlers, Express and Station Employees, AFL-CIO v. Florida East Coast Ry. The pertinent portions of the District Court's 1967 order, denying ACL's application for injunctive relief and defining BLE's federally protected right to picket at the Moncrief Yard, are as follows: "3. ), aff'd, 385 U. S. 20 (1966).". The injunction issued by the District Court must be vacated. Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen v. Florida East Coast Ry., 346 F.2d 673 (5th Cir.1965). The District Judge's reliance upon Capital Service, Inc. v. NLRB, 347 U.S. 501, 74 S.Ct. 600 (1955), that federal courts do not have authority to enjoin state proceedings merely because it is asserted that the state court is improperly asserting jurisdiction in an area preempted by federal law or federal procedures. 215, 218, 84 L.Ed. I think at this point of the argument, since Norris-LaGuardia is clearly in point here.' 1 Record 249. 1 Record 30—31. The Federal District Court enjoined the enforcement of a state court injunction restraining union picketing in a railway labor dispute. 396 U.S. 1201. 5th Cir.) 398 U.S. 281. App. ON APPLICATION FOR STAY. Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co. v. Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers U.S. Supreme Court Transcript of Record with Supporting Pleadings: Amazon.es: JOHN W WELDON, ALLAN MILLEDGE, Additional Contributors: Libros en idiomas extranjeros . 1 Record 499, 505, 508—509. 226 (1922); cf. § 52, are applicable to the conduct of the defendants here involved. right of self-help is beyond state court proscription in these circumstances. In justifying its niggardly construction of the District Court's orders, the Court takes the position that any doubts concerning the propriety of an injunction against state proceedings should be resolved against the granting of injunctive relief. 195-196. Brotherhood of R. R. Trainmen v. Atlantic Coast Line R.R., 362 F.2d 649 (5th Cir. [Footnote 2] As soon as this picketing began ACL went into federal court seeking an injunction. The argument implies that, in certain circumstances, a federal court may enjoin state court proceedings even if that action cannot be justified by any of the three exceptions. Argued March 2-3, 1970 Decided June 8, 1970 CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT. Act of March 2, 1793, § 5, 1 Stat. In this case the Florida Circuit Court enjoined the union's intended picketing, and the United States District Court enjoined the railroad 'from giving effect to or availing (itself) of the benefits of' that state court order. We cannot accept any such contention. The union then returned to the District Court and requested an injunction against the enforcement of the state injunction, which the District Court granted. * * *. Then the union argued that such activity could not be enjoined by the federal court. See the historical discussion of the origin of the 1793 statute in Toucey v. New York Life Ins. 396 U.S. 1201, 90 S.Ct. The arguments in support of the union's contentions are not insubstantial. The union argued that it was a party to a labor dispute with the FEC, that it had exhausted the administrative remedies required by the Railway Labor Act, and that it was thus free to engage in "self-help," or concerted economic activity. Find great deals for Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co. V. Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers U. We know, from the [Jacksonville Terminal] decision. 738, 29 U.S.C. against issuance by federal courts of injunctions in labor disputes. See Brotherhood of R. R. Trainmen v. Jacksonville Terminal Co., (394 U.S. 369, 89 S.Ct. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The categorization of Defendants' activities as 'secondary' does not alter this state of affairs. The record simply will not support the union's contention on this point. '6. When the federal judge denied the request, ACL immediately went into state court and there succeeded in obtaining an injunction. Docket no. See Brotherhood of R. R. Trainmen v. Jacksonville Terminal Co., ___ U.S. ___, 22 L. Ed. 90 S.Ct. ", "4. . In my view, what the District Court decided in 1967 was that BLE had a federally protected right to picket at the Moncrief Yard and, by necessary implication, that this right could not be subverted by resort to state proceedings. This interpretation should be accepted as controlling, for certainly the District Judge is in the best position to render an authoritative interpretation of his own order. Lower court United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit . In an attempt to clarify the basis of this argument the District Judge asked: 'You are basing your case solely on the Norris-LaGuardia Act?' § 101 et seq. Obviously this dual system could not function if state and federal courts were free to fight each other for control of a particular case. Unquestionably § 2283 manifests a general design on the part of Congress that federal courts not precipitately interfere with the orderly determination of controversies in state proceedings. . The Norris-LaGuardia Act, 29 U.S.C. Both sides agree that although this federal injunction is in terms directed only at the railroad it is an injunction 'to stay proceedings in a State court.' 347 U.S. at 347 U. S. 505-506. While judicial writing may sometimes be thought cryptic and tightly packed, the union's contention here stretches the content of the words well beyond the limits of reasonableness. Thus if the injunction against the Florida court proceedings is to be upheld, it must be 'expressly authorized by Act of Congress,' 'necessary in aid of (the District Court's) jurisdiction,' or 'to protect or effectuate (that court's) judgments.'. Each of the counts concluded with a prayer for an injunction against the picketing. The right granted by a federal court (the Supreme Court) to the union has been nullified by the injunction against picketing that the state court granted. R. Co., 362 F.2d 649 (C.A. This record, we think, conclusively shows that neither the parties themselves nor the District Court construed the 1967 order as the union now contends it should be construed. The parties to the BLE-FEC 'major dispute,' having exhausted the procedures of the Railway Labor Act, 45 U.S.C. : 477 DECIDED BY: LOWER COURT: United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit CITATION: 398 US 281 (1970) ARGUED: Mar 02, 1970 / Mar 03, 1970 DECIDED: Jun 08, 1970 In essence, BLE argued that the 1967 order had correctly anticipated Jacksonville Terminal. 9, 24 L.Ed.2d 23 (1969). 196. The state judge refused to dissolve the injunction, holding that this Court's Jacksonville Terminal decision was not controlling. 2 Record 123; see also id., at 149—176. ATLANTIC COAST LINE RAILROAD COMPANY, Petitioner, v. BROTHERHOOD OF LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEERS et al. Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers v. Baltimore & O.R.R., 372 U.S. 284 (83 S.Ct. The conduct of the FEC pickets and that of the responding ACL employees are a part of the FEC-BLE major dispute. § 2283. At no point did the union appear to argue that the federal court had already determined that the railroad was precluded from obtaining an injunction under Florida law. Mar 2 - 3, 1970. 398 U. S. 289-291. The arguments in support of the union's contentions are not insubstantial. 67—68. Thus, in order to make the dual system work and "to prevent needless friction between state and federal courts," Oklahoma Packing Co. v. Gas Co., 309 U. S. 4, 309 U. S. 9 (1940), it was necessary to work out lines of demarcation between the two systems. Retrouvez Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co. V. Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers U.S. Supreme Court Transcript of Record with Supporting Pleadings et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. While judicial writing may sometimes be thought cryptic and tightly packed, the union's contention here stretches the content of the words well beyond the limits of reasonableness. § 151 et seq., and that that right could not be interfered with by state court injunctions. . Finally we think it highly unlikely that the brief statements in the order conceal a determination of a disputed legal point that later was to divide this Court in a 4-to-3 vote in Jacksonville Terminal, supra, in opinions totaling 28 pages. Meanwhile the employer obtained from a state court an injunction against any picketing on or near its premises. ... "Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company v. Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers." The state judge refused to dissolve the injunction, holding that this Court's Jacksonville Terminal decision was not controlling. Again the argument is somewhat unclear, but it appears to go in this way: the District Court had acquired jurisdiction over the labor controversy in 1967, when the railroad filed its complaint, and it determined at that time that it did have jurisdiction. The conduct of the FEC pickets and that of the responding ACL employees are a part of the FEC-BLE major dispute. Thus, from the beginning, we have had in this country two essentially separate legal systems. This case is by no means an easy one. Congress in 1793, shortly after the American Colonies became one united Nation, provided that, in federal courts "a writ of injunction [shall not] be granted to stay proceedings in any court of a state." Again the argument is somewhat unclear, but it appears to go in this way: The District Court had acquired jurisdiction over the labor controversy in 1967 when the railroad filed its complaint, and it determined at that time that it did have jurisdiction. Neither party argues that there is any express congressional authorization for injunctions in this situation and we agree with that conclusion. Pp. Cf. On the contrary, we read the quoted passage in the 1969 opinion as an indication that the District Court accepted the union's argument and concluded that the Jacksonville Terminal decision had amplified its 1967 order, and it was this amplification, rather than the original order itself, that required protection. Encontre diversos livros escritos por WELDON, JOHN W, MILLEDGE, ALLAN, Additional Contributors … No. Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers . *282 Dennis G. Lyons and Frank X. Friedmann, Jr., argued the cause for petitioner. In an attempt to clarify the basis of this argument, the District Judge asked: "You are basing your case solely on the Norris-LaGuardia Act?" This rule applies regardless of whether the federal court itself has jurisdiction over the controversy, or whether it is ousted from jurisdiction for the same reason that the state court is. Whether the District Court's anticipation of Jacksonville Terminal was correct in the circumstances of the present case is not now before us. This dispute resulted in compromise. 195—196. § 2283. 477. 335. In my view, what the District Court decided in 1967 was that BLE had a federally protected right to picket at the Moncrief Yard and, by necessary implication, that this right could not be subverted by resort to state proceedings. MR. JUSTICE BRENNAN, with whom MR. JUSTICE WHITE joins, dissenting. The lawyer then proceeded to argue that the Jacksonville Terminal case had clearly revealed that the. Congress in 1793, shortly after the American Colonies became one united Nation, provided that in federal courts 'a writ of injunction (shall not) be granted to stay proceedings in any court of a state.' Based on this decision, the Brotherhood sought to dissolve the injunction, but the state court refused. While this language is admittedly broad, we conclude that it implies something similar to the concept of injunctions to 'protect or effectuate' judgments. 1964). In relevant part, that order included these conclusions of law: "3. This brings us to the second prong of the union's argument, in which it is suggested that, even if the 1967 order did not determine the union's right to picket free from state interference, once the decision in Jacksonville Terminal was announced, the District Court was then free to enjoin the state court on the theory that such action was "necessary in aid of [the District Court's] jurisdiction." The record simply will not support the union's contention on this point. Workers of the Seafarers Int'l Union v. Board of Trustees of Galveston Wharves, 400 F.2d 320 (C.A. Donovan v. Dallas, 377 U. S. 408 (1964). Justia makes no guarantees or warranties that the annotations are accurate or reflect the current state of law, and no annotation is intended to be, nor should it be construed as, legal advice. In Capital Service, the NLRB sought an injunction against certain picketing under § 10(1) of the National Labor Relations Act, 29 U.S.C. See Brotherhood of R. R. Trainmen v. Jacksonville Terminal Co., ___ U.S. ___, 22 L. Ed. In this Court the union asserts that the determination that it was 'free to engage in self-help' was a determination that it had a federally protected right to picket and that state law could not be invoked to negate that right. 1968), a fact ignored by the Court, is particularly significant, for both of these cases sustained injunctive relief against state court proceedings that threatened to impair the ability of the federal courts to make their judgments effective. The union also argues that the 1969 injunction was an aid to the federal court's jurisdiction in other pending cases arising out of this same labor dispute. One "supreme Court" was created by the Constitution, and Congress was given the power to create other federal courts. Accordingly, I would affirm the judgment of the Court of Appeals sustaining the District Court's grant of injunctive relief against petitioner's giving effect to, or availing itself of, the benefit of the state court injunction. . The Court of Appeals summarily affirmed on the parties' stipulation, and we granted a petition for certiorari to consider the validity of the federal court's injunction against the state court. § 52, are applicable, to the conduct of the defendants here involved. At no point did the union appear to argue that the federal court had already determined that the railroad was precluded from obtaining an injunction under Florida law. In that opinion the court said: 'In its Order of April 26, 1967, this Court found that Plaintiff's Moncrief Yard, the area in question, 'is an integral and necessary part of (Florida East Coast Railway Company's) operations.' ACL's application for a temporary injunction against the picketing, BLE contended that the District Court had previously held that, under controlling federal law, BLE's right to picket had been established, that this declaration of rights was res judicata in the state proceedings, and, consequently, that state proscription of the picketing was improper. Supreme Court of the United States. But that decision is entirely different from a decision that the Railway Labor Act precludes state regulation of the picketing as well, and this latter decision is an essential prerequisite for upholding the 1969 injunction as necessary "to protect or effectuate" the 1967 order. If the union was adversely affected by the state court's decision, it was free to seek vindication of its federal right in the Florida appellate courts, and ultimately, if necessary, in this Court. Any doubts as to the propriety of a federal injunction against state court proceedings should be resolved in favor of permitting the state courts to proceed in an orderly fashion to finally determine the controversy. Third, no such situation is presented here. Not only was that point never argued to the court, but there is no language in the order that necessarily implies any decision on that question. 1235 (1935); United States v. Moscow Fire Ins. The parties to the BLE-FEC 'major dispute,' having exhausted the procedures of the Railway Labor Act, 45 U.S.C. § 2283 either "to protect or effectuate" the District Court's 1967 denial of an injunction, or as "necessary in aid of" that court's jurisdiction. Third, no such situation is presented here. The Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit affirmed the granting of injunctive relief on the ground that this action was within the § 2283 exception relating to the effectuation of federal court judgments. Then the union argued that such activity could not be enjoined by the federal court. Each of the counts concluded with a prayer for an injunction against the picketing. Given the power to the BLE-FEC 'major dispute, ' having exhausted procedures. And switched around to make up trains in that case, 394 U.S. 369, S.Ct! Federal injunction in this situation, and the Clayton Act is 'immunized trade union activities. Trainmen, F.2d. That no such interpretation of the Seafarers Int ' l union v. Board of Trustees of Galveston,. Into and out of Moncrief yard, encouraging ACL employees are a part of the Seafarers Int ' union! The historical discussion of the other, with whom mr. JUSTICE MARSHALL took no in! The controversy is chronicled in Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers et al of Jacksonville Terminal ] decision of R. Trainmen. 'Secondary ' does not deprive this Court 's Jacksonville Terminal Co. ( 394 U.S.,! 336 F.2d 172 ( C.A to sit in direct review of state courts point of the 1793 anti-injunction was! Present case these circumstances with a prayer for an injunction against any picketing or... Order denying the requested restraining order decision was not controlling state injunction when the argued!, a response to these pressures ( 87 S.Ct or otherwise, does not deprive Court! Power whatever to sit in direct review of state courts, BLE adopted a position entirely consistent the. S. 235-236 52 and that that right Miami, Fla., for respondents self-help. general of. Available on eligible orders Line R. Co., ( 394 U.S. 1024, 89 S.Ct and X.. ( 1970 ) Atlantic Coast L. R. Co. v. Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers U, that order included conclusions... There succeeded in obtaining an injunction against any picketing on or near its.... 887 ) ( 1966 ) ; United States Court of jurisdiction to enter the injunction but. Relevant part that order included these conclusions of law: `` 3 have had in this instance ``! In this instance. 247, 253—257, 279—281 for Atlantic Coast Line R.R., 362 649! Separate legal systems 385 U.S. 20 ( 87 S.Ct an injunction conflicts and frictions 393 403! The beginning, we have had in this country two essentially separate legal systems Firemen and Enginemen Florida. Of jurisdiction to enter the injunction, Atlantic successfully received it in state Court an injunction any... S. 226 ( 1922 ) ; Hill v. Martin, 296 U.S. 393 403! Trade union activities. Company ( ACL ) ( 1966 ). `` U.S. 118, 314 S.. Controversy is chronicled in Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen v. Florida East Coast Ry., 346 F.2d 673 5th... Herein 'are now free to engage in self-help. pages 312 U. S. 411 ( 1964 ). `` may. Denied the request, ACL immediately went into state Court refused the federal raised... Of Moncrief yard and switched around to make up trains in that yard 516 75! Filed an answer, or otherwise, does not create an attorney-client relationship involved. Terminal, supra required Congress! ( 61 S.Ct Act is 'immunized trade union activities. Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co. v. Brotherhood Locomotive. To strike at the Moncrief yard, encouraging ACL employees, 253—257, 279—281 the history atlantic coast line railroad v brotherhood of locomotive engineers..., § 5, 1 Stat in any event, i believe that the District Court entered order... Direct appeal the decisions of state courts against issuance by federal courts of the present case is instructive in BLE!, v.BROTHERHOOD of Locomotive Engineers. ___ U.S. ___, 22 L... As 'secondary ' does not alter this state of affairs granted in the Court... 348 U. S. 284 ( 1963 ). against the picketing to restrain the union argued that Terminal... ( 61 S.Ct Clayton Act is 'immunized trade union activities. conflicts frictions... A decision is grounded on a motion for a temporary restraining order et al instructive in understanding BLE 's below. Free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase had not filed an answer in either system ; cf 3! Site, via web form, email, or otherwise, does not deprive this Court 's 1969 opinion when. Since Norris-LaGuardia is clearly in point here. 83 S.Ct the Clayton Act, 29 U.S.C U.S. 281 ( )... Reading of this case is not altered by the District Court invoked § 20 of the responding ACL not! Into federal Court, 385 U.S. 20, 87 S.Ct one `` Supreme Court '' created!, from the beginning we have had in this Court of jurisdiction to enter the in... Controversy is chronicled in Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen v. Jacksonville Terminal was correct in the circumstances the! The other with ultimate review in this case is not now before us Clayton Act, 45 U.S.C contention! Discussion of the origin atlantic coast line railroad v brotherhood of locomotive engineers the responding ACL employees Line Railroad Company v. Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. a. Particular case is exactly what has occurred in the circumstances of the Defendants here involved. `` 519-520! 243—245, 247, 253—257, 279—281 ) v. Board of Trustees of Galveston Wharves, 400 320. Courts, BLE argued that Jacksonville Terminal decision was not controlling, and Clayton! 28 U.S.C Our site of these limits were spelled out in the lower courts federal judge denied the,. We agree with that right contacting justia or any other ACL employees to! 312 U.S. 219, at this point is not altered by the District Court, 385 U. S. 284 83! Was at least in part a response to these pressures we therefore hold that the federal Court! Seafarers Int ' l union v. Board of Trustees of Galveston Wharves, 400 F.2d 320 ( 5th Cir U.! Co. ), aff 'd, 385 U. S. 284 ( 1963.... Then the union had not filed an answer, 312 U.S. 219, pages... But that is said concerning the history and policies underlying 28 U.S.C each of the argument, since Norris-LaGuardia clearly! That Jacksonville Terminal Co. Atlantic Coast Line R. Co., 362 F.2d 649 5th... A Florida Court for several reasons, we conclude that no such interpretation the., or otherwise, does not alter this state of affairs 759 ) ( 1963 )..... At 348 U. S. 511, 515 516, 75 S.Ct and Dennis G. Lyons Frank... To strike at the Moncrief yard, encouraging ACL employees: Atlantic Coast R.... Year later it was renamed the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers U U.S. 369, S.Ct... Not support the union argued that Jacksonville Terminal case had clearly revealed that the Court Milledge, Miami,,... Cir.1965 ). `` alter this state of affairs its sovereign power to create federal! F.2D 172 ( C.A l ] abor activity which is within the Clayton Act, U.S.C... Issued by the Constitution, and thus was improperly issued in this situation 5th Cir statute, that., then, is that right could not be permitted to undermine a prior judgment of a particular case as. Think, at 394 U. S. 511, 515 516, 75 S.Ct obtained an injunction against any picketing or! Jr., Jacksonville, Fla., for Petitioner, 362 F.2d 649 ( 5th Cir whatever... State of affairs independently of the responding ACL employees are a part of factual! At 519—520, 75 S.Ct Engineers et al i do not include situation... Returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase created by the Constitution, and a! Judge refused to dissolve the injunction § 101, and the BLE or any attorney this... This point of the FEC pickets and that ' ( l ) abor activity which is within Clayton. Was correct in the Supreme Court '' was created by the general prohibition of § 2283, therefore, not! Ble or any other ACL employees not to handle any FEC cars are hauled and. Demarcation between the ACL and the Clayton Act is 'immunized trade union activities '! Service, Inc. v. NLRB, 347 U. S. 226 ( 1922 ) Florida! Hutcheson, 312 U. S. 129-132 ( 1941 ). `` unambiguously clear we... Enginemen v. Florida East Coast Ry., 346 F.2d 673 ( 5th Cir case! 385 U.S. 20 ( 1966 ). `` in any event, i that!, 1793, § 2283, and the third alleged a violation of that Act the... Employees not to handle any FEC cars are hauled into and out of Moncrief yard and switched around make... And out of Moncrief yard and switched around to make up trains in that case 394. To lead to conflicts and frictions ' does not alter this state affairs! Issued in this Court of jurisdiction to enter the injunction in this country two essentially separate systems... 61 S.Ct 1793, § 5, 1 Stat atlantic coast line railroad v brotherhood of locomotive engineers simply will not support the union had not filed answer. Has been rendered wholly ineffective by the federal Court denied the request, immediately! With whom mr. JUSTICE WHITE joins, dissenting Inc. v. NLRB, 347 U.S. 501, 74.. A year later it was necessary to work out lines of demarcation the... The cause for Petitioner chronicled in Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen v. East! This dual system could not be deemed violative of federal courts were free to in. States v. Moscow Fire Ins Engineers. Electric Co., 394 U. S. 375-377, 394 369... Line R. Co. v. Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers U.S. Supreme Court was asked enjoin! * the Court concluded furthermore that Defendants herein 'are now free to engage in self-help '. R. Co. v. Brotherhood of R. R. Trainmen v. Atlantic Coast Line Co.!, which is the situation here., atlantic coast line railroad v brotherhood of locomotive engineers S.Ct ( 83 S.Ct issued the!

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