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Brucciani’s appointment to the South Kensington Museum was followed by his selection as formatore to the British Museum in 1857, following William Pink’s death. In 1958 when Hepworth wished to make casts of her earlier work, she turned to Mancini for the essential moulds, leaving him initially horrified by the complexity of casting her work but which he managed using a forty-piece mould. By the way: The Hue | Value | Chroma Munsell Color Chart printable eBook can also be purchased with the same discount code at 20% discount: Get practical information and free stuff for your classical atelier at home by subscribing to my newsletter. A generation later, during the First World War, Brucciani & Co Ltd ran into financial difficulties as the museum and school of art markets declined. All about the academic Cast Drawing – The best resources, How the ateliers teach you to paint like the Old Masters. Texts address plaster casts and related themes from antiquity to the present day, and from Egypt to America, Mexico and New Zealand. Retailing of plaster figures took place through street trading in London and elsewhere and by travel to provincial towns to set up temporary shop, in both cases with a view to the household market for popular and contemporary figures. Collecting by museums and academies 5. He worked extensively for Edward Onslow Ford and Alfred Gilbert in the late 1880s and early 1890s, until his death in London in 1893, age 56. These itinerants sought not to settle in England but to return home with enough money to become owners of a house and a little land in the immediate neighbourhood of the villages where they were born. The privileged position of sculpture in the study of classical antiquity, strong from association with classical texts was strengthened further during the second half of the 19th century by the remarkable discoveries of originals in Greece. This page is intended as a source of information for art students who want to learn classical painting. The cast was purchased by The Metropolitan … Once the market had been exhausted, the master would send his moulds and tools to Geneva, and follow on foot with his troop, each of whom would carry a few figures to sell at towns and villages on the road. The operators of the page participate in the Amazon partner program. It sent Domenico Brucciani to Santiago da Compostela in 1866 and Giovanni Franchi to Florence in 1867, as part of a much wider campaign. t: 020 7223 2360 e: [email protected] Lavender Hill Colours ® 146, Battersea Business Centre 99-109 Lavender Hill London SW11 5QL Charles Stewart Parnell, plaster cast attributed to Fernando Meacci of bust by Mary Grant, 1892 (National Portrait Gallery). The use of plaster casts in the early 19th century 3. Very Fine. They would find plaster and other simple materials for forming figures locally. Plaster Casts (900 plaster casts of classical sculpture in the Ashmolean Museum) The Plaster Casts database is a legacy database created as part of an EU R&D project in telecommunications in 1994. Four figure makers, Brucciani, a Mr Caproni, a Mr Sacchi and a Mr Ambrosi were each asked to make a mould of a certain relief. 97, 1827, p. 273). Admiral Lord Nelson, plaster cast by Dominic Cardosi, 1830s or later, from bust by Franz Thaller and Matthias Ranson, 1801) (National Portrait Gallery). The Giusti Plaster Cast Collection highlights mould making and casting processes that were used to produce objects for retail and to repair existing plaster casts. The focus of the South Kensington Museum from the mid-1850s was on obtaining plaster casts and electrotypes of European mediaeval and renaissance works of art and monuments. In the second half of the 19th century, London institutions and museums were actively building collections of  casts of architectural details and of works of art, as well as of fixed monumental work, both from Britain and abroad. To take a single example of the market, the amateur watercolourist and floor cloth manufacturer, John Samuel Hayward (1778-1822), purchased various casts between 1800 and 1817, some from abroad but mainly from leading London figure makers of the time, Flaxman in 1800 and Shout in 1804, but subsequently from Italians, Papera from 1804 until 1817 as his main supplier, Giannelli in 1806 and then Mazzoni in 1816 and 1817 as his next important supplier (summary listing by Robert Barnes from bills for casts supplied to Hayward, V&A National Art Library, MSL/1943/920C). Through the sculptor, Sir Richard Westmacott, and his agent Matthew Mazzoni, the British Museum supplied casts from the Elgin marbles to the court of Tuscany in 1818, and the following year to the courts of Rome, Naples and Prussia and the academy at Venice, in each case at the expense of the Treasury (Jenkins 1990 p.102). After that the code no longer works. In the second half of the 19th century the market for bronze statues for civic spaces and for statuettes for domestic interiors developed rapidly. While at first these two activities, plaster figure making and bronze sculpture founding, were largely separate, as the century progressed some plaster figure makers came to specialise as sculptors’ moulders and also began to have an impact on the trade in electrotype reproductions. National Portrait Gallery, St Martin's Place, London, WC2H 0HESwitchboard: +44 (0) 20 7306 0055, Find out more about the Inspiring People project, National Portrait Gallery, St Martin's Place, London, WC2H 0HE Most of the Italians came from a cast … Fig.3. Search over 215,000 works, 150,000 of which are illustrated from the 16th Century to the present day. Lippert in the … Antonio Stoanbi, age 56, appears in the 1881 census as a hawker in plaster figures in Raffaello Sani’s household in Gray’s Inn Road. Our cast collection is one of very few surviving plaster cast collections in the world today – and we have more than 450 of our casts on display in the Cast Gallery, including our famous painted … This burst of activity in collecting casts in London and elsewhere led the South Kensington Museum to draw up an 'International Convention of promoting universally Reproductions of Works of Art', which was signed in 1867 by fifteen European princes, to encourage the exchange of copies of 'the finest works of art which each country possesses' (see The Cast Courts - Victoria and Albert Museum). People were happy to accept my Plaster Casts, because it was exactly what they needed to learn drawing from plaster casts. One of the largest such groups arrived in the Port of London from Boulogne on 9 May 1853, with 14 men and boys led by Luigi and Pietro Sarti. Discovery, reception and diffusion of classical art - Sculpture - The Classical Art Research Centre and The Beazley Archive - The University of Oxford Fig.4. The practice of reproducing famous sculptures in plaster originally dates back to the sixteenth century when Leone Leoni assembled a collection of casts in Milan. The number of Italian figure makers in and around 'Little Italy' and in the wider Holborn area, peaked in the early 1860s, judging from census records, as the third largest trade undertaken by Italians in the area, after street musicians and picture framemakers (Lucio Sponza, Italian Immigrants in Nineteenth-Century Britain: Realities and Images, 1988, p.328). Not so many classical art type casts, but you might find something suitable and the prices are very reasonable. Plaster Cast Interiors – There’s a wide range of weird and wonderful plaster casts available here. Plaster casts and the diffusion of classical art (adapted from a lecture given by Dr. D.C.Kurtz in the Louvre on 15 November 2000 for a day of lectures on Les collections de moulages: un musee ideal? His overalls were stiff and heavy with plaster splashings and were never cleaned and his boots never scraped after a day’s paddling around in gypsum… But what a worker he was, and what skill he had acquired in a long life and in the service of many of the leading sculptors of the day.’. The collection of plaster casts of the former Trustees’ Academy in Edinburgh – the first public school of art in Britain, founded in 1760 – was acquired in the late 18th- and early 19th-century for … Plaster figures have been used in one form or another for centuries. [photo: View of Melbourne’s casts in 1872 (1 of 2 albumen silver photographs): detail (SLV H96.160/1789)] Introduction to Melbourne’s plaster cast collection The production of replicas of famous statues, already widespread in the ancient Roman period, grew in popularity and accessibility after 1850, with the availability of cheaper, good quality plaster casts… Articles explore the functions, status and reception of plaster casts … Plaster casts, generally in the form of classical figures, were used as elegant supports for interior lighting, a trade which reached its height in the early 19th century. But even this reduced business foundered in the 1950s at the nadir of the taste for plaster casts. April 2020. In a remarkable account, the story was told of Italian plaster figure makers, from the mountains north of Lucca, journeying across Europe, to France, Germany and even to Russia (‘Wandering Italians’, Penny Magazine, 2 February 1833, no.54, p.42, accessible on Google Book Search). Plaster is white so there is no color distracting the student. Very Cheap (fig.3), shows how well-established this street trade had become in the public imagination by the time of its publication in 1815. Sir Thomas Lawrence’s Private Sitting Room, aquatintpublished 1830 (National Portrait Gallery). A nice selection of plaster casts of the human form, as well as plaster geometric shapes. Both Barbara Hepworth and Maurice Lambert used ‘the renowned plaster caster’, Domenico (‘Mac’) Mancini. It appears that such itinerant figure makers only began to come to England in large numbers following the fall of Napoleon. He would arrive ‘carrying a large white enamelled bowl (for mixing Plaster of Paris), a roll of scrim (for reinforcing the plaster) and a collection of odd lengths of iron rods (for bracing the moulds)… He would have come to Chelsea, with all this paraphernalia, from Camden Town…. Domenico Brucciani’s success as the leading Victorian plaster figure maker came as a result of a competition to select a moulder in 1853 or 1854 for what became the South Kensington Museum. For artists, plaster casts could be both an ornament and an inspiration. The making and collecting of plaster casts from the antique is a result of the discovery in Rome of famous pieces, such as the Laocoon Group, from around 1500. Best value for money. The leading English figure makers of the late 18th century were in retreat: John Cheere died in 1787, James Hoskins in 1791, William Collins in 1793, Charles Harris in 1795, Richard Parker in 1799 and John Flaxman senior in 1803. In the event, the Victoria and Albert Museum did take on Brucciani’s cast making business from 1921, renaming it the Department for the Sale of Casts while retaining the same manager, Paul Ryan. James De Ville in London and Luke O’Neil in Edinburgh were the leading suppliers of such plaster heads. They can be finished in a variety of patinas. This development was a matter of comment at the time. Getty Images Cynthia “Plaster Caster” Albritten When it comes to groupies, there’s no doubt … This trade began in about 1820 and was extremely popular for several decades. For abbreviations, see Resources and bibliography. As a result, many 19th-century plaster figures are marked with the maker’s name. One of the best-known businesses was that of Charles Smith & Sons, who worked for William Goscombe John and Eric Gill in the early 20th century and later for Sir Charles Wheeler, taking ‘perfect reproductions’ in plaster from a clay model. The sherd and squeeze collections may be of more interest to academic researchers but these databases make our collections accessible to all. By 1842, the Museum was offering a service to despatch casts to any part of the world (Synopsis of the contents of the British Museum, 1842, p.258, accessible through Google Book Search). 1. After all, it was meant to serve as a reference once or maybe twice and not as a decorative object for home. The Architectural Museum in London, founded in 1851, was one such collection. Every subscriber receives the free eBook „Drawing From Plaster Casts“ which also contains printable paper model nets for geometric objects to practise from. Many of these men and boys will have been on lengthy fixed-term contracts, of as much as three years, under which they were paid a bonus on completion, leading to occasional abuse of the system whereby they were harassed towards the end of their contract to the point that some left in desperation, losing their wages and their bonus (see Lucio Sponza, Italian Immigrants in Nineteenth-Century Britain: Realities and Images, 1988, pp.76, 78). In the case of Papera, we know that he built up a remarkable clientele of leading figures in society within a few years of arrival, including the Duke of Richmond, the Earl of Warwick, Sir George Beaumont and Sarah Siddons. Such figures might be bronzed to give them a more solid appearance and to suit the heavy feel of Regency interiors. A further act was passed in 1814. John Baptist Giannelli was in London by 1777, Anthony Sartini by 1785, Bartholomew Papera by about 1789 and Ambrose Pelligrini by 1790. Waterproof Cast/ Plaster Protector #1 . Bartholomew Papera would carry ‘new things round to artists in baskets’, according to John Thomas Smith, who tells how Joseph Nollekens welcomed the opportunity to inspect such novelties although, on one occasion, he bridled when Papera named a rival, John Deare as the modeller. Robert Shout’s broadside catalogue (detail), c.1800-3 (National Portrait Gallery Library). The use of plaster casts in the early 19th century, 3. Sculptors’ moulders from 1880. Developments in the plaster figure trade, 2. Europe. But not all such street vendors were boys. Plaster Casts: Making, Collecting and Displaying from Classical Antiquity to the Present (Transformationen der Antike Book 18) eBook: Frederiksen, Rune, Marchand, Eckart: Amazon.co.uk: Kindle Store Evidence for migrant groups of plaster figure makers in Britain comes through the official ‘Returns of Aliens Passengers’, recording foreigners landing in Britain and through the 10 yearly census returns. 1. He identified the importance of the Act of Parliament passed in 1798 relating to ‘Making New Models and Casts of Busts’, a form of copyright which conferred exclusive rights for 14 years on persons who created new models or casts of human or animal figures if marked with publication details. Such casts could serve a practical purpose for artists. We can design and produce to a high-quality standard, offering an extensive range of choice and diversity to ensure the provide the right product for the right style of room. Several historic cast collections survive more or less intact: that of Sir John Soane at Soane’s Museum put together in the late 18th and early 19th centuries (www.soane.org/collections_legacy/casts/), the later 19th-century collection of plasters casts and electrotypes at the Victoria and Albert Museum (Cast Collection - Victoria and Albert Museum), the cast collections at the Royal Academy, begun after the Academy’s foundation in 1768 and continued into the early 20th century, the Edinburgh cast collection at Edinburgh College of Art, including part of the late 18th and early 19th-century collections of the former Trustees’ Academy and the Oxford University collection of classical casts, largely at the Ashmolean Museum, much of which was assembled from 1887 (www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/sculpture/plastercasts/cast). 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