Article 53 Citizens of the People’s Republic of China must abide by the Constitution and other laws, keep State secrets, protect public property, observe labour discipline and public order and respect social ethics. Working people who are members of rural economic collectives have the right, within the limits prescribed by law, to farm private plots of cropland and hilly land, engage in household sidelineproduction and raise privately owned livestock. Joshua Goldstein talks about his new book looking at the history of the recycling industry in China. Article 76Deputies to the National People's Congress must play an exemplary role in abiding by the Constitution and the law and keeping state secrets and, in production and other work and their public activities, assist in the enforcement of the Constitution and the law.Â Deputies to the National People's Congress should maintain close contact with the units and people which elected them, listen to and convey their opinions and demands and work hard to serve them. The Central Military Commission is composed of the following: The Chairman assumes overall responsibility for the work of the Central Military Commission. The Vice-Chairmen and the Secretary-General assist the Chairman in his work. Article 4 All nationalities in the People’s Republic of China are equal. The Chinese people and the Chinese People’s Liberation Army have defeated imperialist and hegemonist aggression, sabotage and armed provocations and have thereby safeguarded China’s national independence and security and strengthened its national defence. Appropriation or damage of state or collective property by any organization or individual by whatever means is prohibited. Insult, libel, false accusation or false incrimination directed against citizens by any means is prohibited. The last two sentences of the seventh paragraph of the Preamble which reads "The basic task of the nation in the years to come is to concentrate its effort on socialist modernization. 42 declares that citizens have the right and duty to work; art. Land in the rural and suburban areas is owned by collectives except for those portions which belong to the state in accordance with the law; house sites and private plots of cropland and hilly land are also owned by collectives.Â The state may in the public interest take over land for its use in accordance with the law. Local people’s congresses at or above the county level elect, and have the power to recall, presidents of people’s courts and chief procurators of people’s procuratorates at the corresponding level. Article 116People's congresses of national autonomous areas have the power to enact autonomy regulations and specific regulations in the light of the political, economic and cultural characteristics of the nationality or nationalities in the areas concerned. The Chinese people waged wave upon wave of heroic struggles for national independence and liberation and for democracy and freedom. A constitution that is non-justiciable is remote from the peopleâs daily lives and opaque even for scholars. Article 112 The organs of self-government of national autonomous areas are the people’s congresses and people’s governments of autonomous regions, autonomous prefectures and autonomous counties. Section 2 The President of the People’s Republic of China. China recognizes neither same-sex marriage nor civil unions. Article 59 The National People’s Congress is composed of deputies elected from the provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government, and special administrative regions, and of deputies elected from the armed forces. Article 88 The Premier directs the work of the State Council. All the minority nationalities are entitled to appropriate representation. An independent and fairly comprehensive socialist system of industry has in the main been established. Article 1 The People’s Republic of China is a socialist state under the people’s democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants. The Vice-Chairmen and the Secretary-General assist the Chairman in his work. The term of office of the people's congresses of townships, nationality townships and towns is three years. Watch Queue Queue. Article 115The organs of self-government of autonomous regions,Â prefectures and counties exercise the functions and powers of local organs of state as specified in Section V of Chapter Three of the Constitution. It ensures the proportionate and coordinated growth of the national economy through overall balancing by economic planning and the supplementary role of regulation by the market. Article 29 The armed forces of the People’s Republic of China belong to the people. All State organs, the armed forces, all political parties and public organizations and all enterprises and institutions must abide by the Constitution and other laws. Article 98The term of office of the people's congresses of provinces,Â municipalities directly under the Central Government and cities divided into districts is five years. Article 63The National People's Congress has the power to recall or remove from office the following persons: (1) The President and the Vice-President of the People's Republic of China; (2) The Premier,Â Vice-Premiers, State Councillors, Ministers in charge of Ministries or Commissions and the Auditor-General and the Secretary-General of the State Council; (3) The Chairman of the Central Military Commission and others on the commission; (4) The President of the Supreme People's Court; and (5) The Procurator-General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate. Article 18 The People’s Republic of China permits foreign enterprises, other foreign economic organizations and individual foreigners to invest in China and to enter into various forms of economic cooperation with Chinese enterprises and other Chinese economic organizations in accordance with the provisions of the laws of the People’s Republic of China. Allorganizations and individuals who use land must make rational use of the land. (21) to exercise such other functions and powers as the National People’s Congress may assign to it. Regional autonomy is practised in areas where people of minority nationalities live in compact communities; in these areas organs of self- government are established for the exercise of the right of autonomy. The State protects the lawful rights and interests of the private economy, and guides, supervises and administers the private economy. The People's Court and the People's Procuratorates. The private economy is a complement to the socialist public economy. Article 40 Freedom and privacy of correspondence of citizens of the People’s Republic of China are protected by law. The State and society help make arrangements for the work, livelihood and education of the blind, deaf-mutes and other handicapped citizens. Local people's congresses at and above the county level elect, and have the power to recall, presidents of people's courts and chief procurators of people's procuratorates at the corresponding level. Rights 1. ", 6 Article 13: "The State protects the right of citizens to own lawfully earned income, savings, houses and other lawful property." Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese traditional Dictionary. No organization or individual may, on any ground, infringe upon the freedom and privacy of citizens' correspondence except in cases where, to meet the needs of state security or of investigation into criminal offences, public security or procuratorial organs are permitted to censor correspondence in accordance with procedures prescribed by law. Article 69 The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress is responsible to the National People’s Congress and reports on its work to the Congress. This united front will continue to be consolidated and developed. The Vice-Premiers and State Councillors assist the Premier in his work. The organization of the State Council is prescribed by law. 44 says the state will prescribe a system of retirement for workers and staff in enterprises and organs of the state; art. Citizens of the People's Republic of China who have the right to vote and to stand for election and who have reached the age of 45 are eligible for election as President orÂ Vice-President of the People's Republic of China. The state provides necessary vocational training to citizens before they are employed. Article 77Deputies to the National People's Congress are subject to the supervision of the units which elected them. Article 76 Deputies to the National People’s Congress must play an exemplary role in abiding by the Constitution and other laws and keeping State secrets and, in public activities, production and other work, assist in the enforcement of the Constitution and other laws. China is one of the countries with the longest histories in the world. After the founding of the People’s Republic, China gradually achieved its transition from a New-Democratic to a socialist society. No laws or administrative or local regulations may contravene the Constitution. 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