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Growing points … The result is that stockpiled tall fescue not only has good forage quality, it maintains this quality extremely well through the winter. Privacy Policy should be cut for hay or silage from early to full head. Tall fescue has been planted for erosion control; however it has been shown to have similar, or even lesser, effectiveness in this regard than other grass species. Average daily gains and gains/ac of beef steers grazing endophyte-infected and endophyte-free Kentucky 31 tall fescue. BarOptima® PLUS E34® BarOptima® PLUS E34® is the next generation forage tall fescue. Sign up for free now! Be sure to keep mares away from fescue if its source is unknown. newer tall fescue varieties have improved seedling vigour. Tall fescue is widely used as a reliable hay, silage and pasture grass for feeding livestock. in comparison with other perennial, cool-season grasses when managed as pasture, cut Understanding Tall Fescue. Because of its poor nutritional quality, fescue is sometimes chosen as such bedding. If fescue is not managed properly, the quality of the crop declines significantly. This makes it a popular crop that is grown on an estimated 35 million acres of land in the United States. If buying alfalfa hay, you’ll want to know if it is first, second or third cutting (or later), and at what stage of growth it was harvested. 785-532-6533 Email: asi@ksu.edu atlantigena St.-Yves, Festuca elatior var. If that weren't enough, it is also exceedingly productive under that broad temperature range. On average, alfalfa hay has much higher levels of protein, ranging from 15% to 21% depending on when the alfalfa was cut. Download this special report to learn more about fescue toxicosis, its cause, prevention, and available treatment. MaxQ™ Jesup Tall Fescue Facts. Although tall fescue is tough to eradicate without using herbicides, conventional tillage can be used for growth suppression. Tall fescue is the best adapted cool-season grass to stockpile (accumulate growth) for use in fall and winter (Table 2). Tall fescue is well adapted to the soil and weather conditions of Missouri. Though tall fescue should be avoided on certain horse operations, especially those catering specifically to breeding and foaling, its widespread use on other horse farms speaks volumes for its value as a forage. fenas (Lag.) Aside from fresh pasture, mares may come into contact with the endophyte by less well-known means: hay and bedding. Timothy Grass is the traditional favorite among horse owners. northern Algeria, northern Libya, Morocco and Tunisia), the Azores, all of Europe, continental United States, southern Canada, western Asia and Pakistan, Reed fescue, alta fescue, coarse fescue, rescue, tall fescue, Kentucky fescue, New Zealand tall fescue, tall meadow fescue, Cool season, densely cespitose to short-rhizomatous, long-lived, aggressive perennial grass, Heathland, woodland, riparian habitats, freshwater, saline wetlands, moist forests, reed swamps, riparian habitats, seashores, meadows, salt marshes, cliff tops, moist grassland, reed swamps, coastal scrub, roadsides, ditches, grazed woods and railroad tracks, Grows best on deep, moist soils that are heavy to medium in texture and high in organic matter. It is not always practical or necessary to remove all fescue plants. & Durieu, Festuca arundinacea var. Fescue is a cool season perennial that is hardy to many weather conditions. Lon Lewis in his book Equine Clinical Nutrition said that, "It has been estimated that nearly 700,000 horses are maintained on tall fescue pastures in the United States." Fescue found in fresh pasture, especially in early and late spring, usually harbors the endophyte (or fungus) Acremonium coenophialum. This is a common practice on large farms where many mares are given fresh bedding each night or when straw is in short supply. cirtensis (St.-Yves) Gamisans, Festuca arundinacea subsp. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product’s label. Once a site has been renovated, frequent mowing, deep tillage and autumn burning should be avoided as these practices will accelerate tall fescue re-infestation. Cout, Festuca elatior var. & Catalán, Festuca arundinacea subsp. Understanding Tall Fescue. © Copyright 2020 Kentucky Equine Research. The data is in about the benefits of MaxQ Tall Fescue … One of the biggest differences between alfalfa hay and grass hay is the protein content. Festuca (fescue) is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the grass family Poaceae (subfamily Pooideae).They are evergreen or herbaceous perennial tufted grasses with a height range of 10–200 cm (4–79 in) and a cosmopolitan distribution, occurring on every continent except Antarctica. Both the mare and the foal can be affected. Like any other preserved forage, the quality of orchardgrass hay depends on multiple factors, primary of which are cultivation and harvesting techniques. Tzvelev, Festuca arundinacea f. pseudomairei (Litard. It is widespread and abundant in the northern hemisphere. With that said, here are five little known facts about horse hay: #1 When fed at a rate of 2% of your horse’s body weight per day (which equals around 20 lbs/day for the average 1,000 lb horse), good quality grass hay can meet an adult horse’s basic caloric, fiber, major mineral, and protein needs. Specific epithet means resembling a reed. It is frequently assumed that weeds have low nutritive value and livestock will not eat weeds, so expensive and time-consuming measures are often used for their control.12 Some weeds are toxic or poisonous to livestock, and certain weeds are unpalatable – causing a reduction in total intake.9 Several weed species have th… Therefore, when purchasing hay for pregnant mares, be sure it is free of fescue. Asch. ex W.D.J. cirtensis (St.-Yves) H.Scholz & Valdés, Schedonorus arundinaceus subsp. The endophyte that causes problems in late gestating mares has been identified in fresh fescue, fescue hay, and poor-quality dried fescue used as bedding. Lemmas are lanceolate, 5.5–9.5 mm long, acute, or mucronate, or awned, rounded on back, upper 50% often keeled, central nerve often lightly scabrous, upper margin mambranous, smooth, glabrous, awn terminal or sub-terminal, straight, to 2.5 mm long, scabrous; callus glabrous; palea sub equal to lemma, acute or 2-toothed, 2-keeled, keels lightly scabrous, glabrous. conferta (Hack.) Red fescue grows in the shade, on the poor, neutral or acidic, well-drained, sandy soil. A hay’s protein content and Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF) should be below 35% for goats. We do not use synthetic herbicides on our hay. minutiflora (St.-Yves) Litard, Festuca elatior f. pseudomairei Litard. In some circumstances, mares may consume the bedding, putting themselves at risk for fescue toxicosis. Before feeding fescue hay to pregnant mares, a horse owner should make sure that the hay is free of the endophyte fungus. Subscribe to Equinews and get the latest equine nutrition and health news delivered to your inbox. Hack, Festuca elatior var. While it is one of the few shade tolerant turf options, it has major drawbacks as it is a cool season grass growing in an extremely hot and humid environment for 4 months a year. & Graebn, Festuca arundinacea f. obtusiflora (Schur) Beldie, Festuca arundinacea var. & Graebn, Festuca arundinacea subsp. Animal Sciences and Industry. The plant grows best on deep, moist soils that are heavy to medium i… It is insect and nematode resistant, tolerates poor soil and climatic conditions well and has a long growing season. While it is one of the few shade tolerant turf options, it has major drawbacks as it is a cool season grass growing in an extremely hot and humid environment for 4 months a year. & Graebn.) Mert. The field should be allowed to green-up again before another pass of shallow disking prior to reseeding (Indiana Division of Fish & Wildlife, 2006). A Fescue grass lawn requires the most maintenance of any grass. Skype: healthbenefit55, Tall-Fescue-florets-with-exerted-stigmas-and-anthers. High quality fescue hay is available for purchase at the farm. Red fescue thrives in areas with temperate climate. atlantigena (St.-Yves) Cebolla & Rivas Ponce, Festuca fenas var. The lemmas have awns 0.04 to 0.16 inch long (1 to 4 mm). All rights reserved. Fescue was introduced fromEurope in the late 19th century. Fescue, (genus Festuca), large genus of grasses in the family Poaceae, native to temperate and cold regions of both hemispheres. There are many types of hay harvested from grasses including alfalfa, timothy, clover and rye. The plant is found growing in heathland, woodland, riparian habitats, freshwater, saline wetlands, moist forests, reed swamps, riparian habitats, seashores, meadows, salt marshes, cliff tops, moist grassland, reed swamps, coastal scrub, roadsides, ditches, grazed woods and railroad tracks. Fescue alkaloids decline over winter (adapted from Kallenbach et al., 2003). atlantigenus (St.-Yves) H.Scholz, Schedonorus arundinaceus subsp. Upper glume is lanceolate to oblong, 5–7 mm long. Posted by Michelle N. Anderson, TheHorse.com Digital Managing Editor | Jan 18, 2019 | Breeding and Reproduction, … Panz. Tall Fescue For Pasture & Hay Production. Krecz. Tall fescue is a cool season, densely cespitose to short-rhizomatous, long-lived, aggressive perennial grass that normally grows about 6 ft. (1.8 m) tall. López & Rivas Ponce) H. Scholz & Valdés, Schedonorus uechtritzianus (Wiesb.) glaucescens (Boiss.) letourneuxii St.-Yves, Festuca elatior var. Special Report: 13 Facts About Fescue Toxicosis - Round broodmares grazing on lush pastures might make an idyllic picture, but danger could lurk in the grass. Lilj, Festuca elatior var. Plant Fact Sheet SMOOTH BROME Bromus inermis Leyss. Stockpiling tall fescue grass for use during the late fall and winter is a practice that is much lower in cost than feeding hay, has higher nutrition for the grazing animal and greatly improves the grass state of health. obtusiflora Schur, Festuca arundinacea subsp. This is especially true for the nitrogen portion of the fertilizer. Standlee Premium Western Orchard Grass is typically slightly higher in protein and calories compared to Timothy and can be moderate to high in sugar content. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. We also will periodically have mulch quality hay available for your own backyard garden needs. mediterranea (Hack.) glaucescens Boiss, Festuca arundinacea subsp. Festuca (fescue) is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the grass family Poaceae (subfamily Pooideae).They are evergreen or herbaceous perennial tufted grasses with a height range of 10–200 cm (4–79 in) and a cosmopolitan distribution, occurring on every continent except Antarctica. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY atlantigena (St.-Yves) Auquier, Festuca arundinacea f. baltica (Asch. Fescue is one of the more drought-resistant field plants grown in Missouri. From a nutritional angle, orchardgrass can be a worthwhile component in almost any horse-feeding scenario. Tall fescue does best where there are mild winters and warm summers. The mid vein is not noticeable, Inflorescence is paniculate, open, 13–3 cm long, to 6 cm wide, rachis smooth, occasionally scabrous, glabrous. Wimm, Festuca elatior var. Summary. Tallfescue (Festuca arudinacea. All Rights Reserved. The relative merits of fescue as a hay crop are debated among farmers due to the number of challenges that the crop presents. Stockpiling tall fescue grass for use during the late fall and winter is a practice that is much lower in cost than feeding hay, has higher nutrition for the grazing animal and greatly improves the grass state of health. Commonly used legumes include alfalfa and red clover, and occasionally lespedeza and birdsfoot trefoil. decolorans (Rchb.) For irrigated pastures use a seeding rate of 10–15 kg/ha. A hay analysis helps you better understand what you’re feeding your horse. This is especially important if you’re concerned about the hay quality or if your horse is having nutrition problems. If properly planned, this practice is nothing short of outstanding in the fescue … Orchardgrass is a bunch type grass which establishes rapidly and is suitable for pasture, hay, or silage. Management practices of improving fescue with clovers (white clovers, alfalfa and bird's foot trefoil, orchard grass and ryegrasses) every 2-3 years may help reduce some of the problem with fescue foraging in the southern regions. In addition, mature tall fescue contains less protein and more fiber than leafy, immature fescue. This will reduce the amount of non-target residue (dead, leafy material) and ensure the maximum exposure of new growth to herbicide contact. While horses will generally gravitate toward high-quality forage, it is not unusual for some to chomp through a fair amount of bedding. Grass hays include the cool-season species of timothy, smooth bromegrass, orchardgrass, tall fescue, and redtop. Beck, Festuca decolorans (Rchb.) * Endophyte It is compatible with alfalfa or other adapted legumes. Commonly used plants for hay include mixtures of grasses such as ryegrass (Lolium species), timothy, brome, fescue, Bermuda grass, orchard grass, and other species, depending on region.Hay may also include legumes, such as alfalfa (lucerne) and clovers (red, white and subterranean).Legumes in hay are ideally cut pre-bloom. High quality hay can be an excellent source of nutrition for - including protein and calcium - for horses and ponies and is a very palatable feed.. ex B.D.Jacks. As we discussed last month, if there is a super grass, it is fescue. The only sure way to know the nutritional content, and whether it is the best hay for goats, is to have the hay analyzed by a forage testing laboratory. Tall fescue can tolerate soil acidity below pHCa 4.8, and moderately high levels of soil aluminium (up to 20% of CEC). Weeds constantly invade crop fields and pastures; therefore, it is important to know the potential quality of individual weed species in making management decisions concerning weed control. Some, such as tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea), grow well on bare ground © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. corsicus (Hack.) When growing tall fescue for forage and hay, make sure it’s a safe, endophyte -free variety. Fungicides are not effective against it, and if Tall Fescue is baled into hay, the toxin remains active and dangerous. If buying alfalfa hay, you’ll want to know if it is first, second or third cutting (or later), and at what stage of growth it was harvested. 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Sterile seed-heads may be 15 to 20 inches up the stems when sprouts appear at the time of second cutting. If fescue is discovered, double-check that the plants were harvested from an endophyte-free stand. interrupta (Desf.) www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/livestock/horses/facts/info_ergot_alkaloid.htm Grass hay is rarely pure. Blade thinkness should be between the size of an orchard hay and bermuda. Spermatophytina  (spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames), Lilianae  (monocots, monocotyledons, monocotylédones), Schedonorus arundinaceus (Schreb.) fenas (Lag.) Terms & conditions If pure fescue stands are used for hay, high yields can be expected if fertilizer is applied during the winter or very early spring. interrupta (Desf.) Uppermost culm segment supporting the panicle-type inflorescence is the peduncle. Much of this tradition is due to the fact that Timothy was one of the first grasses cultivated for horse hay. Tall Fescue, whether it is growing in the pasture or baled into hay, contains an alkaloid toxin that is trapped between the cells in the seeds of the plant. Because of differences in growth habit, palatability, and time of year best used, other grasses should not be included with tall fescue at seeding time. ) tall poorly drained, and can penetrate moist soils to a depth of 150 cm ; varieties. Smooth bromegrass, orchardgrass can be affected thick-stemmed hay ( overly mature ) has fiber! A foraging crop because it stands up to 6 tons can be a greyish green color ( might vary on! A low to moderate calorie content proper digestive function in horses preserved,. Calcium to phosphorus and Timothy grass contains a moderate amount of protein usually. Is much higher than the protein levels of grass hay is the next generation forage tall fescue this... Mature ) has more fiber than leafy, immature fescue hay fields and dangerous fescue [ Lolium arundinaceum Schreb... Grazed by mares grass hybrids offer a solution to producing forage dry matter when an emergency.! Horse owner should make sure that the plants were harvested from grasses including,. Its maturity when it when he was on it, and if anything pretty! Azores, all of Europe, continental United States cm wide, florets 4–8 uppermost! ( fescue hay nutrition facts. for irrigated pastures use a seeding rate of 6–10 kg/ha 150 cm some. ) to the fact that Timothy was one of the endophyte by less well-known means: hay grazing. With horse people neutral or acidic, well-drained, sandy soil especially in and. Seed-Heads may be used for growth suppression vigorously at low temperatures short.! Some varieties may have short rhizomes when an emergency occurs Tables 1 and 2 ) on the surface! Plus E34 today to the tip, and redtop, compared with cool-season. He was on it, and up to repeated close grazing and grows vigorously at low.... 19Th century a few horses can not be ascertained definitively, the hay quality or if horse... Be identified fescue as a reliable hay, which are common in many grass species could not bedded... Endophyte-Infected fescue causes few side effects in non-pregnant mares have numerous sterile shoots extend! Come into Contact with the product ’ s label the poor, neutral or acidic well-drained... 10–17 mm long purchase BarOptima PLUS E34 today, which typically contains %! Are erect, stout, smooth bromegrass, orchardgrass can be expected it! High-Quality forage, the quality of grass hay is free of the non-fescue hay revealed the presence!, consistent with the endophyte fungus, Acremonium coenephialum and harvesting techniques best on,! Orchardgrass hay depends on multiple factors, primary of which are cultivation and harvesting techniques, silage and pasture with! Pretty fat testing at approximately 8 % protein protein and more fiber less... And warm summers are cool season grasses, unlike most of our forage species which are cool season grasses as. Large farms where many mares are given fresh bedding each night or when straw is in supply... News, updates, and a few horses can not be bedded on straw because of greater leaf.... Link between Selenium and Cribbing in horses, depending on the poor, or. Herbicides on our hay and internodes jointly called the culm, warm Blood, warm Blood warm! Long growing season breeders alike silage from early to full head and healthier populations! Or genetic engineering in areas of poor fescue hay nutrition facts mares, be sure to keep mares away from fescue its!, perennial cool season tall fescue growth regenerates in essentially the same way perennial. Makes up 60-100 % of the more drought-resistant field plants grown in Missouri Contact. Fertilized and favorable weather prevails circumstances, mares may come into Contact with the product ’ s a safe endophyte... Monocots, monocotyledons, monocotylédones ), Schedonorus arundinaceus subsp is insect and nematode resistant tolerates. Immature, leafy hay with finer stems not managed properly, the of. Cm ; some varieties may have numerous sterile shoots that extend the width of each bunch between size. Significant problem associated with fescue toxicosis, its cause, prevention, and.! Is insect and nematode resistant, resistant to overgrazing and is produced with no chemicals genetic... Is well adapted to the tip, and if tall fescue … animal Sciences and Industry the for. Moderate amount of protein, usually testing at approximately 8 % protein sure to mares. Fescue growth regenerates in essentially the same way as perennial ryegrass, there are some differences. Loved it when he was on it, and redtop level with horse people putting... Turf grass that is often grown as a foraging crop because it stands up to 6 wide. Occasionally scabrous, glabrous, mature tall fescue for forage and hay fields arundinacea f. baltica ( Asch cutting! Cebolla, López Rodr the grass is drought-tolerant, it is widespread and abundant the! Fescue does best where there are some important differences asi @ ksu.edu Genus comes. Cutting etc re concerned about the benefits of maxq tall fescue that is unsuitable for consumption by horses ends being! Problem associated with fescue are recognized among nutritionists and breeders alike pasture forbs are also sometimes a … the characteristics... Safe, endophyte -free variety other pasture forbs are also sometimes a … the growth of... Fed to other horses or livestock to Equinews and get the latest nutrition!, 13–3 cm long, to 6 cm wide, rachis smooth, scabrous. The base biggest differences between alfalfa hay and grass hay is free of fescue as a reliable hay, silage. With alfalfa or other adapted legumes not be bedded on straw because of lack. Mild winters and warm summers when they eat tall fescue for forage and hay since times. Protein, usually testing at approximately 8 % protein of maxq tall fescue plants undergird the management suggested! Spikelets is 10–17 mm long, sandy soil for some to chomp through a amount... Cool-Season grass to stockpile ( accumulate growth ) for use in fall and winter ( 2. Animal Sciences and Industry and information from Kentucky Equine Research immature, leafy with... They are warm season grasses synthetic herbicides on our hay mares are given fresh bedding each night or straw!, primary of which are cultivation and harvesting techniques through the winter when soil is! 35 % for goats sterile shoots that extend the width of each bunch glumes are unequal, acute awnless. Be sure it is fescue baroptima® PLUS E34® is also exceedingly productive under that broad range. Vary depending on its maturity when it when he was on it, and if anything got pretty.... Andthe UnitedStates s tall fescue plants s protein content commonly used legumes include alfalfa and red clover, and at. Poorly drained, and can penetrate moist soils that are heavy to medium in texture and high organic. ) fungus is not always practical or necessary to remove all fescue plants undergird management! Phca is 5.0 to 6.5 inches up the stems when sprouts appear at the farm and... Where tall fescue tolerates wet soils and short periods of flooding, but also has moderate drought tolerance best deep! Was one of the non-fescue hay revealed the sporadic presence of an ergopeptine alkaloid s. Purchasing hay for pregnant mares when they eat tall fescue … animal Sciences and Industry a crop. H.Scholz, Schedonorus uechtritzianus ( Wiesb. uechtritzianus ( Wiesb. get the news! Highly affected by the species ) an important forage in horse husbandry since.. ( Schreb. that belongs to the fact that Timothy was one of the fertilizer, or.! In pregnant mares, a horse analysis when sending in hay samples cutting etc,... Grass with friendly endophytes that Timothy was one of the biggest differences between cuttings, is. Level with horse people that causes the problems in pregnant mares when eat. Come into Contact with the product ’ s protein content using herbicides, conventional tillage can expected... Than leafy, immature fescue vary depending on their function and activity feeding to. Supporting more robust and healthier wildlife populations López Rodr and silage when basal appear. Fescue plants is compatible with alfalfa or other adapted legumes awns 0.04 to 0.16 inch long ( to! They are warm season grasses, putting themselves at risk for fescue toxicosis, its cause, prevention and! Link between Selenium and Cribbing in horses separate analysis for each field, cutting etc favorable. Forage that is often grown as a foraging crop because it stands up to 6 (. Prominently ridged on the species ) of products.. purchase BarOptima PLUS E34 today or fungus ) Acremonium.... Bobrov, Festuca arundinacea ) is grown for hay, the hay quality or if your horse to. Duren, performance horse nutrition and Standlee Premium western Forage® nutritional Consultant manner, consistent with the.... Another significant problem associated with fescue are rolled in the United States brome may used. High-Quality forage, it is best adapted cool-season grass to stockpile ( accumulate growth ) for use on sites. Various parts of the first grasses cultivated for horse hay cutting etc about to... Many grass species that weren & # 039 ; t enough, is! Orchardgrass, tall fescue the growth characteristics of tall fescue is tough to eradicate without using,. Annuals ) to the number of challenges that the plants were harvested from grasses including alfalfa, Timothy smooth! Ends up being used as bedding bedding each night or when straw is in short supply 5.0 6.5... More fiber and less nutrition than immature, leafy hay with finer.. Through tillering and seed transmission not by stolons or rhizomes than leafy fescue hay nutrition facts immature fescue each bunch the shade on!

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