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His novels often featured main characters who succeeded at their objectives despite a lack of a firm moral code, and literary situations that more closely resemble studies of nature than tales of choice and agency. Though known primarily as a novelist, Dreiser also wrote short stories, publishing his first collection Free and Other Stories in 1918, made up of 11 stories. Dreiser College, at Stony Brook University located in Stony Brook, New York, is also named after him. A pioneer of naturalism in American literature, Dreiser wrote novels reflecting his mechanistic view of life, a concept that held humanity as the victim of such ungovernable forces as economics, biology, society, and even chance. Theodore Dreiser Wiki, Biography, Net Worth, Age, Family, Facts and More. Dreiser was born in Terre Haute, Indiana to John Paul Dreiser and Sarah Maria (née Schanab). "The Stature of Theodore Dreiser: A Critical Survey of the Man and His Work." This story was the basis for the 1942 romantic movie My Gal Sal. They were raised as Catholics. His only important literary achievement in this decade was the autobiography of his childhood and teens, Dawn (1931), one of the most candid self-revelations by any major writer. Checkout Theodore Wiki Age, Biography, Career, Height, Weight, Family. [23] Through the following decades, she remained the constant woman in his life, even through many more temporary love affairs (such as one with his secretary Clara Jaeger in the 1930s). In later life Dreiser would bitterly associate religion with his father’s ineffectuality and the family’s resulting material deprivation, but he always spoke and wrote of his mother with unswerving affection. He was forced to resign in 1910, however, because of an office imbroglio involving his romantic fascination with an assistant’s daughter. His mother’s gentle and compassionate outlook sprang from her Czech Mennonite background. "[30] The literary scholar F.R. why?" [10] Unknown to Maude, Henry sold a half-interest in the house to Dreiser to finance a move to New York without her. Their road is long but, because of him, those who follow will never have to face the road through the wilderness of Puritan denial, the road that Dreiser faced alone. Within several years, Dreiser was writing as a journalist for the Chicago Globe newspaper and then the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. His only other significant publications in the late 1920s were collections of stories and sketches written earlier, Chains (1927) and A Gallery of Women (1929), and an unsuccessful collection of poetry, Moods, Cadenced and Declaimed (1926). Sternzeichen Jungfrau 24.08 -23.09. One of his last acts was to join the American Communist Party. The reception accorded his second novel, Jennie Gerhardt (1911), the story of a woman who submits sexually to rich and powerful men to help her poverty-stricken family, lent him further encouragement. ), bio je američki književnik i novinar. Among other themes, his novels explore the new … American writing, before and after his time, differed almost as much as biology before and after Darwin. Theodore Dreiser, Writer: A Place in the Sun. His novels often featured main characters who succeeded at their objectives despite a lack of a firm moral code, and literary situations that more closely resemble studies of nature than tales of choice and agency . His father, John Paul, had previously been a cotton mill manager, but a series of unfortunate accidents caused his fortunes to dwindle. [6] Other interviewees included Lillian Nordica, Emilia E. Barr, Philip Armour and Alfred Stieglitz. Name: Theodore Dreiser. Biography; Significance to American Literature; Style Elements; Links; Pictures; Early Life. Verstorben am: 28.12.1945. Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser rođen je krajem kolovoza 1871. u Indiani, u mjestu Terre Haute kao deveto od desetoro žive, a 12-o od 13 djece koliko je Sarah Maria Schanab rodila u braku s Johnom Paulom Dreiserom. None of his indictments of middle-class America have found an audience today. Theodore Dreiser, (born Aug. 27, 1871, Terre Haute, Ind., U.S.—died Dec. 28, 1945, Hollywood, Calif.), novelist who was the outstanding American practitioner of naturalism. If he's the great American novelist, give me the Marx Brothers every time. [14]:44 His featuring young women as protagonists dramatized the social changes of urbanization, as young people moved from rural villages to cities. His novels and nonfiction narratives, which he began publishing in his thirties, were controversial for their gritty realism, sexual frankness, and sympathy for the plight of underrepresented people. [31], One of Dreiser's strongest champions during his lifetime, H.L. Professor of English, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio. He was the twelfth of thirteen children of John, a German immigrant, and … Like other naturalistic novelists of the 1890s Theodore Dreiser believed in evolutionary and materialistic determinism and gave these ideas powerful expression. [18], Dreiser was a committed socialist and wrote several nonfiction books on political issues. Born August 27, 1871, Theodore Dreiser was the second youngest of a family of ten children. Mencken, spoke of Dreiser's relationship with communism as an "unimportant detail in his life,"[14]:398 Dreiser's biographer Jerome Loving notes that his political activities since the early 1930s had "clearly been in concert with ostensible communist aims with regard to the working class. Doubleday, Page and Company published it the following year, thanks in large measure to the enthusiasm of that firm’s reader, the novelist Frank Norris. It seemed to spring from the fact that almost every young person was possessed of an ingrown ambition to be somebody financially and socially. Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser (17.8. Scroll down to get the complete details. His second novel Jennie Gerhardt was published in 1911. He began a career as a newspaper reporter in Chicago in 1892 and worked his way to the East Coast. Although less politically radical friends, such as H.L. When Theodore Dreiser first published Sister Carrie in 1900 it was suppressed for its seamy plot, colloquial language, and immorality—for, as one reviewer put it, its depiction of "the godless side of American life. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Theodore Dreiser - Theodore Dreiser - Works: Dreiser’s first novel, Sister Carrie (1900), is a work of pivotal importance in American literature despite its inauspicious launching. This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 23:34. Dreiser was the ninth of 10 surviving children in a family whose perennial poverty forced frequent moves between small Indiana towns and Chicago in search of a lower cost of living. Der amerikanische Schriftsteller. 1945.) The couple separated permanently in 1912. He married Sara White in 1898, but his roving affections (and resulting infidelities) doomed their relationship. His story "My Brother Paul" was a kind of biography of his older brother Paul Dresser, who became a famous songwriter in the 1890s. [2] Dreiser's best known novels include Sister Carrie (1900) and An American Tragedy (1925). The book has acquired a considerable reputation. [35], Cowie, Alexander, Alfred Kazin, and Charles Shapiro. A visit to the Soviet Union in 1927 produced a skeptical critique of that communist society entitled Dreiser Looks at Russia (1928). American novelist Herman Theodore Dreiser (1871-1945) projected a vitality and an honesty that established several of his novels as classics of world literature. He was born the ninth of ten children, and lived a rather harsh childhood with his family. All of us who write are better off because he lived, worked, and hoped. Theodore Dreiser was born on August 27, 1871 in Terre Haute, Indiana. Her family disowned her for converting to Roman Catholicism in order to marry John Dreiser. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Among other themes, his novels explore the new social problems that had arisen in a rapidly industrializing America. Paul Dresser (1857–1906) was one of his older brothers; Paul changed the spelling of his name as he became a popular songwriter. 108 quotes from Theodore Dreiser: 'People in general attach too much importance to words. Dreiser's first commercial success was An American Tragedy, published in 1925. ", National Committee for the Defense of Political Prisoners, Hey Rub-a-Dub-Dub: A Book of the Mystery and Wonder and Terror of Life, "Seven Famous People Who Missed the Titanic", "Lucas County : 2-48 House of Four Pillars", "Theodore Dreiser (1871-1945) His Friendship to the Soviet People in 1938-1941", "Edward Weston, R. M. Schindler, Anna Zacsek, Lloyd Wright, Lawrence Tibbett, Reginald Pole, Beatrice Wood and Their Dramatic Circles", "Clara Jaeger Secretary and mistress to Theodore Dreiser", The International Theodore Dreiser Society, American Writers: A Journey Through History. And socially 35 ], Politically, Dreiser was the ninth of ten children, and Charles Shapiro überarbeitete! On 4 December 2020, at Stony Brook, New York, is also named after him Helen... Hauptvertreter des literarischen Naturalismus in Amerika ended Dreiser ’ s first novel, Sister Carrie, Financijer, i..., Writer: a critical Survey of the Financier ( 1912 ), and the.! 'S novels were held to be somebody financially and socially which lie behind at Indiana University ]. And the Stoic Bulwark and the ninth of ten surviving children ( others! Philosopher Herbert Spencer in August 1945 was completed in 1944, the Titan ( ). Pictures ; Early Life Dreiser Wiki, theodore dreiser biography, Net Worth, Age, family, Facts and.... 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