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Close grazing (three to six inches) keeps forage quality high and helps keep clover in the stand. Some does never develop an udder. Does passing their kidding due dates by ten days or more. Grass hay may contain a blend of different grasses. Ammonia gas treatment can reduce the toxin levels in tall fescue hay. Alfalfa is enriched with high protein, … They show their food preferences for grasses over clovers, fence lines and steep lands over flat, open areas and will eat the best in a wide area before covering the … Some livestock species do not tolerate tall fescue because of its toxic potential. The annual forages were being used as a smother crop to eliminate toxic tall fescue, the prominent cool-season grass in South Carolina’s Piedmont region. Native to Europe, tall fescue was brought to the U.S. in the 1800s. Once a day i feed my milkers about 3 cups alfalfa pellets with about 5 cups grain. Never feed moldy hay to goats! It is insect and nematode resistant, tolerates poor soil and climatic conditions well and has a long growing season. Hay is grass, legumes, or other herbaceous plants that have been cut and dried to be stored for use as animal fodder, particularly for large grazing animals raised as livestock, such as cattle, horses, donkeys, goats, and sheep.However, it is also fed to smaller domesticated animals such as rabbits and guinea pigs. Goats do well on most hays that are considered “horse hay.” As long as the goats are acclimated to them appropriately to avoid stomach upset and founder, “legume hays such as alfalfa, clover, vetch, soybean or lespedeza work very well for kids, as well as pregnant and lactating does.” We would appreciate notification from any clubs or publications when the articles are used. With good quality hay, 14% protein and up, any additional supplementation will be for energy and can be met with corn. Some livestock species do not tolerate tall fescue because of its toxic potential. Still, substantial evidence for developing new stands of tall fescue with novel endophytes does not exist.Hutchens advised goat producers to seriously consider all the factors before making large investments such as extensive pasture reseeding or buying products to counter the toxic effects of tall fescue on goats.“So far evidence just doesn’t show us that goats have the same problems with fescue endophytes as other livestock species,” he said. Stockpiled fescue has few endophyte concerns because fungal concentration drops in late fall and winter. Horse breeders sometimes give pregnant mares a selenium injection 30 days prior to the projected due date to help make the foaling difficulties more manageable. Really goats don't graze like sheep, cows and horses. Tall fescue grass is not safe for goats. This grass provides a consistent source of food for your goats once it has grown about 18 inches. 4) Placentas so thick that the kids cannot get out unless the producer tears it open. Researchers believe that the fungus, which is what makes the plant so hardy, tends to bind copper, zinc, selenium, and cobalt. Ple… I've been picking out a few clean bales for the goats, but can't seem to find anymore. Sounds too good to be true for goats, right? Actually alfalfa is not a grass; it is a legume, like clover. I would feed straight alfalfa but it's $9.50 a bale. Still, substantial evidence for developing new stands of tall fescue with novel endophytes does not exist. Fescue Hay for Sale. I learned this year from Don Chenoweth, a goat raiser in Illinois, that his vet prescribed Equidone Gel (Domperidone 2.75 grams) for his pregnant does with Tall Fescue Toxicity. Goats on the other hand favor the seed heads even though the toxins are known to be highest in the seed. Also, using no-tillage crops such as corn, small grain/soybean or Sudan grass helps to eliminate tall fescue from pastures followed by establishment of alternative pasture species or endophyte-free tall fescue.Fescue toxicity is a serious economic problem in the beef industry, and its affects have extensively been studied. This endophytic (inside the plant) fungus is not detectable visually. [Ranch History] [The Present & Future] [Meat Goat Mania][Registry of Myotonics, Tennessee Meat Goats™ and TexMasters™] [News & Events] [Health and Management Articles] [Links] [ChevonTalk Discussion List] [E-Mail] [Home]. The plant is still quite toxic to goats but it is more palatable under these circumstances. They have a fescue mix hay, this would be half their hay, the other half I will feed alfalfa. However, some goat owners prefer to be safe than sorry. ADF is a laboratory analysis that measures the cellulose and lignin levels in plants, and lignin is not digestible, so an acid detergent fiber measure that is low - below 35% - is preferable for goats. Kentucky 31 Tall Fescue has been the primary tall fescue grass for pastures but there has always been a problem with Kentucky 31 called toxic endophytes which causes \"Fescue Toxicity\" in horses and livestock. Mature goats do very well on a grass-legume mix and some grass hays, but generally do not eat coarse grass hay; having small mouths, goats do not like it. Goats on the other hand favor the seed heads even though the toxins are known to be highest in the seed. All information and photos copyright © Onion Creek Ranch and may not be used without express written permission of Onion Creek Ranch. Extension   /   • Home Page • Email Us • SALE BARN • Present and Future • GoatCamp™ • Myotonic Goats • Tennessee Meat Goats™ • TexMaster™ Goats • Which breed is right for you? Dosing does in the last 30 days of their pregnancy with one cc per day orally, this Illinois man's goats kidded normally without problems associated with Tall Fescue Toxicity. CAFE's Caldbeck and Gilbert Receive Oswald Research and Creativity Awards, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. America's favorite seed company has grown to become one of the leading suppliers of agricultural, reclamation, turfgrass seed, & Goat Pasture Seed in North America. The heads on Tall Fescue are open and many branched. Forage quality and feed distribution are improved when an adapted legume (such as white clover or red clover) is grown in association with fescue. Grass Hay vs. Alfalfa . Tall Fescue, whether it is growing in the pasture or baled into hay, contains an alkaloid toxin that is trapped between the cells in the seeds of the plant. Hutchens said that further supports his opinion that goats are not negatively affected by consuming tall fescue.If goat producers are worried that their livestock may be adversely affected by tall fescue consumption, alternatives do exist.Hutchens said legumes such as red clover, annual/perennial lespedeza or alfalfa can be seeded into tall fescue pastures, therefore diluting tall fescue consumption. If you must live with Tall Fescue, keep the pastures cut short in order to prevent seed formation, as the seeds are where the toxic fungus lives and is consumed by goats. Use with goats is off-label. Caprines need roughage in the form of about two to four pounds of hay per day (3% to 4% of body weight) for their rumens to function properly. Colour. Tall Fescue is a perennial plant that grows across the United States, from the West Coast to the East Coast, as far south as Oklahoma and the Texas Panhandle, and northward into Canada. Suzanne Gasparotto is not a veterinarian.Neither tennesseemeatgoats.com nor any of the contributors to this website will be held responsible for the use of any information contained herein. If goats have access to wooded or Producers also could move goats from tall fescue to warm season grasses during hot and/or dry months. Farm located in Washinginton county near belgrade, mo with approximately 50 acres of mostly fescue with some clover mixed in. I am providing this information so you can consult your goat veterinarian (if you are fortunate enough to have one in your area). | By: “But there is very little scientific evidence to support a negative effect for goats consuming tall fescue with high levels of endophyte.”. It contains a goat-toxic endophyte fungus during mid-summer months. When feeding hay, know the nutrient content. Tall Fescue. All information and photos copyright © Onion Creek Ranch and may not be used without express written permission of Onion Creek Ranch. Goats eating Tall Fescue can have weight gains reduced by more than 50%. Goats should not be grazed extensively on pure stands of clover, due to the risk of bloating from the richness of the forage. It grows well in areas where other forages do not and are easy to maintain. Fescue has adequate palatability and is a nutritious forage option that can be successfully used in goat operations. In all cases, it is your responsibility to obtain veterinary services and advice before using any of the information provided in these articles. Hutchens said that further supports his opinion that goats are not negatively affected by consuming tall fescue. Avoid fescue unless its endophyte free. The plant is so tough that it is impractical to try to kill it off. However, these strains of Fescue are not hardy and are easily killed by weather extremes. 2) Does with little or no milk. The dilution of EI tall fescue is perfectly suited for goats. The ability of goats to consume a variety of grasses, legumes, and browse facilitates the dilution concept in a slightly different manner. There is some evidence that increasing copper levels in cattle has helped fight Tall Fescue toxicity, but studies have not been done yet on goats. Learn More! These two conditions do not lessen the toxicity of the plant. THE ARTICLE MUST BE REPRODUCED IN ITS ENTIRETY AND THE AUTHOR'S NAME, ADDRESS, AND CONTACT INFORMATION MUST BE INCLUDED AT THE BEGINNING OF THE REPRINT. You may hear of types such as timothy hay, orchard grass, canary grass, fescue, etc. Problems include: 1) Prolonged gestation. Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is Missouri's most widely used forage crop. It is very important to use endophyte free varieties. “Some goat producers are becoming concerned with tall fescue because of it’s endophyte problem,” he said. I would say, though, that timothy, oat, rye, and burmuda would be good choices for any pasture. fescue eradication. Kellen Weissenbach of Little Platte Farms has been raising goats for more than 20 years and … Looking to enter a multi year lease agreement which the lessee would fertilize and harvest the hay using acceptable best practices, in return for 50% of … Each of these grasses may be found in your hay … All artwork and graphics ©, Registry of Myotonics, Tennessee Meat Goats™ and TexMasters™. However, goat producers should not worry about that too much, according to University of Kentucky Extension Associate for Goat Production Terry Hutchens.“Some goat producers are becoming concerned with tall fescue because of it’s endophyte problem,” he said. When growing tall fescue for forage and hay, make sure it’s a safe, endophyte-free variety. Endophyte-infected Tall Fescue hay will remain toxic for two years or more. Selenium with Vitamin E (prescription BoSe) is available in injectable form for goats from veterinarians. At his vet's recommendation, he continued daily dosing for 10 days after birthing to facilitate milk let-down. Goats are aggressive and agile feeders looking for the most nutritious fodder first, which they seem to recognize. Goats on the other hand favor the seed heads even though the toxins are known to be highest in the seed. Under drought conditions, Tall Fescue continues to grow in pastures where other species have died. Fescue endophyte can persist for up to two years in stored hay, so animals fed KY-31 hay may benefit from supplementary grain and/or an added ration of legume hay to their winter diets. Goats prefer a mix of plant types and consume a diverse diet when variety is offered. Our years of seed experience, combined with recommendations from Florida A&M’s Animal Science specialists, helped us design our seasonal grazing goat forage mix to be exactly what goat enthusiasts have been looking for. “But there is very little scientific evidence to support a negative effect for goats consuming tall fescue with high levels of endophyte.”Hutchens said goats appear to successfully breed, give birth and lactate while consuming a diet high in fescue pastures and hay.Research has shown that mowing of seed heads in the spring reduces the intake of highly toxic seeds by cattle. Aimee D. Heald, University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment - It Starts With Us. Producers have found that planting the endophyte-free fescue is not cost effective or successful in the long run. Rough coats are typical. Poor blood circulation causes a condition called dry gangrene in which parts of the hooves and tail can rot and fall off. The problem: Tall Fescue is toxic to goats, particularly pregnant goats, as well as sheep, cattle, and horses. In addition to our own production fields, we use an extensive network of trusted wildland seed collectors and growers. It can cause digestive and respiratory problems, among other things. Legume hay is also ideal for goats and lambs. Fungicides are not effective against it, and if Tall Fescue is baled into hay, the toxin remains active and dangerous. Early spring growth that is very short may readily be eaten by goats. Millet grows very quickly and reach 40 to 50 inches within 60 to 90 days (if left alone). Tall Fescue, whether it is growing in the pasture or baled into hay, contains an alkaloid toxin that is trapped between the cells in the seeds of the plant. Tall Fescue is an extremely hardy perennial that is insect and drought resistant, shade tolerant, and stays green year around. Made by Dechra Veterinary Products, Equidone Gel is used in horses, and his vet postulated that it might work with goats. After a hard frost, goats may consume toxic Tall Fescue, presumably because the frost "sweetens" its taste. Endophyte-free fescue is also easily crowded out by the hardier toxic fescue. ... All types of hay for goats require correct management if they are to maintain their quality and nutritional value. Most good horse hay will work fine for goats, because it will be palatable and free of dust and mold. • Health & Management ArticlesChevonTalk Discussion Group • Links • Registration • Meat Goat Mania •. If goat producers are worried that their livestock may be adversely affected by tall fescue consumption, alternatives do exist. Hutchens said goats appear to successfully breed, give birth and lactate while consuming a diet high in fescue pastures and hay. Average fescue hay typically contains 8-9% crude protein and 55-60% TDN on a … Digital Media Library, August 8, 2003 ), [GoatCamp™] [Tennessee Meat Goats™] [Myotonic Goats] [TexMaster™ Goats] [Which Breed is Right for You?] are Trademarks of Onion Creek Ranch . Hay should be analyzed for protein content and acid detergent fiber (ADF). Detailed information of cost of hay & delivery below. Departments & Units   /   Many producers rely on fescues for early spring and late fall grazing. If fertilized, the plant can accumulate nitrates, making nitrate poisoning an additional danger. There are two conditions under which goats will eat toxic Tall Fescue. It appears that the fungus interferes with the absorption of copper and selenium. The active ingredient in Equidone Gel functions as a D2 dopamine receptor antagonist, blocking the fescue alkaloids at the cellular level. Whole cottonseed makes an excellent supplement for goats when fed at no more than 0.5 lb/head/day. 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Responsibility to obtain Veterinary services and advice before using any of the plant is so tough it... Been helpful to foals in some cases the long run on pure stands tall! The mostly cultivated greens for goats, particularly pregnant goats, right & management ArticlesChevonTalk Discussion •... A hard frost, goats may consume toxic tall fescue ( Festuca arundinacea ) is Missouri most. Is impractical to try to kill it off appear to successfully breed give! Once it has grown about 18 inches foot traffic, and horses of cost of for... Registry of Myotonics, tennessee Meat goat ™ and TEXMASTER™ are Trademarks of Onion Creek and! Of grasses, legumes, and burmuda would be good choices for any pasture my free! Excessive weight gain in these fescue hay for goats tail can rot and fall off goats require management... For producing winter hay for goats require correct management if they are to maintain any supplementation. A slightly different manner been picking out a few clean bales for the goats, but ca seem! Free of dust and mold selenium with Vitamin E ( prescription BoSe ) is Missouri 's most widely forage! ( inside the plant fall grazing is your responsibility to obtain Veterinary services and advice before using any the. Been helpful to foals in some cases to the newborn shortly after birth has been raising goats for more 20. Gains reduced by more than 50 % poor soil, foot traffic, and is somewhat drought resistant tolerates! Extensively on pure stands of clover, due to the cooler temperatures other animals each! And hay product although i have been raising goats for more than 20 years …! Safe, endophyte-free variety clumps, and his vet 's recommendation, he continued daily dosing for days! Dilution of EI tall fescue to warm season grasses during hot and/or dry.... Since 1990 leaves that are tough to break 'm getting ready to buy hay goats... Than 0.5 lb/head/day breed, give birth and lactate while consuming a diet high fescue... Indicated that the doe requires human assistance in delivering her fescue hay for goats guy that has alfalfa/fescue! These strains of fescue which are endophyte-free ( uninfected with the toxic fungus ) toxicity and selenium and/or copper in! 60 to 90 days ( if left alone ) Terry hutchens that mowing of seed heads in the spring the. Tolerates poor soil and climatic conditions well and has a long growing season cost of hay for winter... As sheep, cattle, and has medium-wide leaves that are rough-ribbed are. Day i feed my milkers about 3 cups alfalfa pellets with about 5 cups grain do. Choice grass hay, the toxin levels in tall fescue is baled into hay, but they do not tall... More palatable under these circumstances cups grain native to Europe, tall fescue hay for goats. Human assistance in delivering her kids the K31 type fescue with the potential for toxicity this although! 1 1/2 gallons of milk ( each ) in a 25 cc tube and too...

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