Wafula, 48, has been tracking Nyiragongo and a nearby volcano since the 1970s. Nyiragongo Volcano (Democratic Republic of Congo) 1.52 S, 29.25 E, summit elevation 3469 m, stratovolcano As a Less Economically Developed Country (LEDC), the Democratic Republic of the Congo was unprepared and less able to mount an effective response to the disaster. Aid workers were setting up water distribution systems and planning to start delivering food on Wednesday in Goma, where tens of thousands fled the streams of lava that cut through the lakeside city from Thursday's eruption of Mount Nyiragongo. Wafulah sent his first e-mail to international authorities on Jan. 8, raising the alarm of an imminent eruption. At this time tremor with 5-second Karel Prinsloo/AP PHOTO “They are right to be concerned,” Bell says. durations accompanied the lava flows about every 10 minutes. As of this morning an estimated 90% of the population is struggling to reestablish some semblance of life in the devastated town. The main street was cluttered with abandoned vehicles, clothes, shoes and personal effects that bore witness to the rushed exodus a few hours earlier. Thousands of people were left homeless when the lava destroyed their villages. Beginning around 19 January many Goma residents returned to the city; field reports from USAID/OFDA staff stated that on the morning of the 20th more than 15,000 people per hour returned, while only 3,000 people per hour fled the city. A flow of lava up to two metres (more than six feet) high cut across the town, which burned for part of the night. The unrest in the country made it difficult to monitor the volcano and put emergency responses in place. Sunday 27th January, 2002 The last eruption occurred in 2002, and it began after an earthquake opened up cracks in the southern flank of the volcano. Goma on Fire as Lava Flows Through City About the previous information concerning new activity in the area , Professor Waffula voiced doubt over reports of another volcanic eruption Tuesday night, at the nearby Mount Nyiamuragira. Gas samples and thermal waters discharges were collected at Rambo springs about 400 metres from the Bralirwa (Rwanda) along the lake, 8 km East of Gisenyi. Some lost their houses, other fled to neighbouring Rwanda or to western DRC. Fissures opened up to the south side of the volcano and three streams of lava from the lake drained through the fissures. Nyiragongo Volcano (Democratic Republic of Congo) Part of the volcanologist team went to about 10 km west of Goma along the Lake Kivu shore, where three persons who witnessed events on January 20 and 21, were interviewed and reported an increase in lake temperature, the presence of bubbling gases, dead fish and a brown discoloration rising from the bottom of the lake. 2. An eruption began at Nyiragongo on 17 January and, according to news Seismic and other measuring equipment continues to arrive. With as many as 400,000 persons potentially homeless, the shelter needs will be considerable. There have been 47 fatalities so far. There is no water or power in Goma, but residents said there was nothing to stay for in Rwanda. 45 people had been killed. The nearby city of Goma was inundated by two lava flows, which caused substantial socioeconomic disruption and forced the mass exodus of the population, leaving nearly 120,000 people homeless. Probably half of the population are going to be homeless. Although current water filtration systems are capable of providing potable water, distribution system, especially pipes, has sustained damage. Relief workers are scrambling to create order out of chaos after some 500,000 people fled the region hit by a huge volcanic eruption in east Africa, with at least one city devastated by lava flows. The eruption happened on 17 January 2002. 3. The other, at Mudende, is a former university campus used until a few weeks ago as a "reeducation camp" for former members of Rwandan Hutu rebel groups. The world's people who are least able to advocate for themselves are the most likely to suffer in such situations. A river of lava half a mile wide had bulldozed through the town centre, oozing into sidestreets and pouring into the lake on the far side. The volcano was perfectly clear and a small gas plume could be seen above the crater rim to the NorthEast. In principle, there is a risk that the formation of an underwater crater could trigger releases of gases, but the likelihood of this risk can not be assessed at this juncture. He said continuing earthquakes caused by the settling of the area following the January 17 eruption of Mount Nyiragongo remained the only threat. Total Affected: Approximately 350,000 (U.N.) It was estimated that Goma had a total population of between 400,000 - 500,000 before the volcano eruption. The alert level remains Yellow. (The Observer) Hundreds of thousands of people left their homes after the Nyiragongo volcano erupted on Thursday, with smoking lava engulfing the town of Goma in the Democratic Republic of Congo, killing an estimated 45 people and destroying homes and streets. reports, as of 18 January lava flows had destroyed parts of 14 villages and The following information is based on preliminary reports from various The United Nations was sending a plane with 28 metric tons of emergency supplies to Kigali to help the Congolese refugees. Three hospitals are functioning in Goma and the health situation, while of concern, also remains manageable at present. Nyiragongo last erupted in 2002, killing 250 people and wiping out 20 percent of neighbouring city Goma. The main lava flow had stopped but poisonous gas still posed a health risk. Some of the hundreds of thousands of people displaced by a volcanic eruption in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) began to receive their first humanitarian aid Saturday, two days after a river of lava destroyed most of their home town. A number remained in Goma. Saturday 26th January 2002 The situation is changing rapidly, and the speed of this evolving disaster means that detailed information on the likely numbers involved remains unclear as the affected population continues to move towards Rwanda and other safe areas. Monday 21st January, 2002 Wednedsay 23rd January, 2002 Authorities issued a "Red Alert" and a full evacuation is underway. Reports of 2002 Eruption of Nyiragongo by John Seach. The Gisenyi airport in Rwanda is capable of accommodating small aircraft. Eruptions occurred on the volcano’s S and E flanks. Sporadic gunfire was heard in Goma as soldiers tried to prevent looting, but the lack of overall crowd control allowed others to break into shops along deserted streets and take what little was inside. The city centre of the Goma town, the capital of the East Virunga province, had been destroyed by voluninous lava flows. It was confirmed that more than 600 metres of the crater floor almost completely collapsed. People are arriving empty-handed and in need of immediate assistance. The cone is two metres high and was spewing lava six metres into the air. The volcano 12 miles north of Goma sent two lava flows into the city of half a million. The ICRC is currently focusing on water assistance. Creaking and groaning, the lava slowed and cooled into a wall of black rock, three metres deep in places. The official figure from the United Nations is just three, revised downward from its previous estimate of 45. 12,500 homes were destroyed by ash and lava. Large parts of Goma, a city of 400,000, were reported on fire, as lava flowed from Mount Nyiragongo volcano, 10 kilometres away. Those who had no money for transport were allowed to camp at a primary school playground as the government organized means to take them back to their country. Initial assessments indicated that up to 400,000 residents around Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), were displaced by the eruption. By late afternoon, at Sunday, 20 January, 2002, 15:07 GMT British aid reaches volcano region. In a recent issue of a monthly Goma newspaper (before the January 17 eruption), Wafula warned local residents that they could expect an eruption in coming weeks. Composite and shield volcanoes are found along plate boundaries. Tens of thousands have fled the city, seeking shelter with families and friends in other Congolese towns and villages. Intro Quiz. The lava flows damaged 14 villages as they destroyed everything in their Nyiragongo previously erupted in 1977, when lava flow covered 20 square km, destroyed 400 houses and 10 km of road, and reportedly killed up to … The United Nations and the French Group for the Study of Active Volcanoes agreed to fund a large survey team to take more readings. However endangered gorillas that inhabit the region are unlikely to be hurt as they do not live on Nyiragongo's slopes. However, there is reported activity from Nyamuragira the volcano some distance from Nyragongo. Mt. A few earth tremors continued to shake the region Sunday, but the frequency dropped from 12 an hour, to one every three or four hours. Hundreds of thousands of people have fled across the border after Mount Nyiragongo began spewing rock and molten lava on Thursday. Aid agencies in … Population Movements: The city population is increasing as displaced people return to Goma. As of afternoon of 20 January, three lava streams that split the town of Goma into three, continued smouldering in certain areas, while many areas had cooled to the point where people managed to climb over them. The Mount Nyiragongo eruption on 17 January 2002 destroyed a large part of the centre of Goma, a busy commercial centre in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). By the 21st there were ~12,000 homeless families in Goma. (ENN, Sunday, March 11, 2001), Once again, like the tragedy of Nevado del Ruiz (1985), the world fails to heed the warnings which are often staring us in the face. Displaced People: Approximately 30,000 (USAID/OFDA field reports) Congolese officials reported three flows. The eruption was triggered by tectonic spreading of the Kivu rift causing the ground to fracture and allow lava to flow from ground fissures out of the crater lava lake and possibly from a deeper conduit near Goma. Implementing agencies are working with local authorities to better manage the crowds. Incessant earthquakes are still occuring and are wreaking their own damage and posing new concerns. The volcano is quiet." There are a large number of refugees in a small area, shelter, sanitation, health and security issues are of immediate concern. Over the years, his monitoring equipment has been stolen and vandalized, yet he has persisted. Various reports estimated that lava flows had destroyed 25-75% of the city including ~10,000 homes. Almost all of the original displacement of over 350,000 Goma residents to Rwanda has been reversed. No one knows how many people the volcano killed. But fighting in the area and looting of equipment by armed militia camped on the volcano itself regularly forced volcanologists to flee. Some of the hundreds of thousands of people displaced by a volcanic eruption in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) began to receive their first humanitarian aid Saturday, two days after a river of lava destroyed most of their home town. U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan noted the natural disaster is taking place in an area already beset by years of conflict. Fish have been reported floating dead in the water. According to Bruce Presgrave of the USGS, National Earthquake Information Center there have been an unusual number of tectonic earthquakes in the Goma-Nyiragongo region since ~9 hours after Nyiragongo's alleged initial lava flows at 0500 local time on 17 January. Saturday 26th January, 2002 This preliminary alert targets 350,000 affected people and estimates are calculated on the basis that Goma population totals 400,000 inhabitants for a period of 7 to 15 days. It is estimated that the shoreline subsided by about 5-10 cm. Three lava flows were detected, two coming down the mountain's east side and one down the west. Professor Wafula reported "This earthquakes seem to be heading eastwards, because when I called someone in Ruhengeri (a Rwandan town 50 kilometres/30 miles east of Gisenyi) he felt it a few seconds after we did" in Goma" - "shock was also felt very strongly in Bukavu," 100 kilometres (60 miles) south of Goma and also on Lake Kivu. Due to poverty, most people could not afford to rebuild their homes. Monday 25th February 2002 Few weak steam vents were visible on the inner crater wall. The lava cut a swathe 60 metres wide through the centre of the city and the ensuing fires burned down buildings up to 40 metres on either side. The tremors were most frequent between 1 and 4 a.m. local time, often coming as little as 30 seconds apart. USAID/OFDA staff estimate that up to 5,000 homes have been destroyed.There is no electricity or gas in the city, making water systems inoperable. It is found on the Kivu part The reported and unconfirmed eruption of Nyimuragira was not thought to pose a threat to Goma or Gisenyi. Many farmers lost income. A petrol depot swamped in molten lava exploded in Goma Monday, leaving as many as 100 people dead in a city left in ruins after a volcano eruption last week. In 2002, the eruption of Mount Nyiragongo, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, caused devastation that could have been prevented. A fissure eruption began at Nyiragongo volcano on 17th January 2002. The following news item was posted 10 months before this week's disaster at Nyiragongo. Braving violent earth tremors, a growing tide of Congolese among more than 300,000 who left the eastern town of Goma on Thursday started returning late on Saturday, saying they did not want to become refugees in Rwanda and anyway there was little aid there to obtain. Latest surveys also indicate that considerably less of the town was destroyed than originally feared, perhaps 40%, which in part explains the return of tens of thousands to reclaim their homes. Mount Nyiragongo is one of the world’s most active volcanoes with the last eruption being in 2002 but recent volcanic activity up to 2016/ 2017. Saturday 26th January 2002 The massive humanitarian disaster which has occurred in the Democratic Republic of Congo may have taken most people by surprise, but we fail to learn the lessons of the past. Nyiragongo Volcano (Democratic Republic of Congo) People who stayed in the town reported that lava had flowed onto the runway and taxiway at Goma's airport but that the facility could still be used. There are unconfirmed reports of new fissures opening or existing fissures expanding in areas north of Goma, according to USAID/OFDA field reports. None had seen any casualties. Many fuel depots exploded, causing fires in Goma and surrounding villages.It is estimated that 40% of Goma town has been destroyed. They echoed the concerns expressed by volcano experts that Mount Nyiragongo may not be finished erupting despite a lull in the flow of lava. Twenty water purification stations have been established along the shore of Lake Kivu in areas where the water system does not reach. Up to 60 killed in Goma petrol station blast He said he made his prediction after observing that there was 10 times more lava in the volcano's crater than in 1977, when Nyiragongo erupted and killed hundreds of people. John has been providing unique tours to the world's most active volcanoes since 1989. The 33 tonnes of water-cleansing equipment and bedding provided by Oxfam arrived in neighbouring Rwanda on … Nyiragongo Volcano (Democratic Republic of Congo) Tuesday 22nd January, 2002 Sunday 20th January, 2002 (AP) Nyiragongo is one of Africa's most notable and active volcanoes. The lava flow made it difficult to travel around Goma as it filled the roads. A fourth fissure opened at 4:00 PM on January 17. It is said to have been caused by tectonic plates near Lake Kivu … The looting of the fuel led to a leak that was ignited by lava from the eruption of Mount Nyiragongo that has caused chaos in the town. Samples of water and gas were collected for analysis at Cap Rubona where a pipeline, installed about 10 years ago, extracts gas from the lake Kivu at a depth of 320 metres. Dead trees on the northern outer slope of the crater were observed as well as evidence of slumping of the upper parts of the crater. Residents said thousands of refugees including children had not eaten or drunk anything since the start of the eruption. Displaced People: Approximately 250,000 (USAID/OFDA field reports. In 2002, the Nyiragongo volcano in the Democratic Republic of the Congo erupted. Jet Al fuel is available. The general health status is acceptable but monitoring continues. The January 2002 eruption of Nyiragongo volcano was heralded by precursory phenomena detected since March 2001 by volcanologists of the GVO. Tuesday 22nd January, 2002 However, all populations that had moved to Gisenyi have returned to Goma, with the exception of those who settled in Mudende and Nkamira camps, Rwanda. The aim of volcanologists should not be to predict eruptions but to forsee catastrophic events. The previously molten centre of the encrusted lava flow that cuts Goma in two was now hardening and that less lava was falling into Lake Kivu, just south of the town, than before. In addition, 50-100 people were killed when hot lava caused gas station tanks to explode at 0830 on 21 January. Food Aid Arrives for Volcano Refugees Sunday 20th January, 2002 Gases detected in Goma, they said, were from decomposing bio-matter trapped within the hardening lava; petrol stations buried under the lava; and work crews cutting passages through the crusted surface lava. A system of fractures opened up on the volcano and extended down to Lake Kivu. The area had been experiencing tremors intermittently since March 2001. Simple precautions may save a lot more lives than the most sophisticated scientific equipment. The current estimate of the number of the displaced is around 250,000, out of some 350,000 affected population (the UN and USAID/OFDA). After small earthquakes rocked the area early this month, Wafula said, he knew that the eruption was just days away. At least 25 buildings were destroyed in Gisenyi, due to seismic activity, USAID/OFDA reported. The ash observed in Goma on Wednesday (OCHA Situation Report No. 1. They said they were determined to try and start afresh. Lava has entered Lake Kivu. Nyiragongo Volcano (Democratic Republic of Congo) The volcano produced three paths of lava, one of which headed toward the city of Goma, 18 kilometers to the south. Two experts in volcanology and geochemistry are due to arrive in Rwanda tomorrow with water sampling devices, temperatures and acidity measurement equipment to provide technical assistance.  In January 2002, Nyiragongo volcano erupted 14–34 × 10 6 m 3 of lava from fractures on its southern flanks. Nyiragongo Volcano (Democratic Republic of Congo) In addition, analysis of lake chemistry found the city's main water supply had remained potable. The volcano is quiet," said volcanologist Jacques Durieux. Densely populated residential areas and the business centre have been particularly affected. The volcano produced three paths of lava, one of which headed toward the city of Goma, 18 kilometers to the south. Cargo planes carrying tons of supplies for the displaced have begun arriving in Kigali, Rwanda from where the aid will be trucked to the Congolese border, 75 miles to the west. Emergency supplies will be sent to refugee camps. Some reports state that the eruption began at Vulcanologists who flew over Mount Nyiragongo saw through its sulphurous haze a new crater, seven miles below the main volcano. Natural disasters are often human made disasters. Activity at Nyiragongo is ongoing but currently confined to the crater, where another lava lake has formed about 250 metres (820 ft) below the level of the 1994 lava lake. The sky around Mount Nyiragongo began glowing red, and ash fell on the nearby town of Goma before dawn Thursday. At 11 sites, families were provided each with two blankets, 1 kg of soap, 1 jerry can, and 1 plastic sheet. Although no new lava flows were threatening the city, some scientists feared that lava entering the lake or seismic activity could perturb the lake sufficiently to release significant amounts of carbon dioxide and methane gas lying at the bottom of the lake. Several thousands of families are reported to have settled in Bukavu. The eruption sparked a humanitarian crisis as refugees flooded into the town of Gisenyi, where they have no food or shelter. Up to half a million were seriously at risk of malnutrition and disease, stranded without food, drinking water or shelter along the shores of Lake Kivu. least one flow had advanced into Goma. The quality is poor but manageable and water quality tests would indicate that lake water can be pumped into the system and treated for distribution. Epicentre of the quakes has not determined yet. (written by John Seach, Volcanologist). 14 nearby villages were destroyed in the lava flow. Draining of lava from the eruption caused a 600 m … 2. This is an area of many. Tens of thousands of people were made homeless and 400,000 people evacuated. The buildings at the Goma airport remained intact, but lava covered ~80% of the airstrip rendering the airport inoperable. Non eruptive fractures are visible all around the crater at different heights. The volcano has a lava lake in its crater. Field observations showed marked differences between the lava erupted … Deaths: Approximately 147 (U.N. and USAID/OFDA field reports) 147 people were killed, 60,000 people lost homes, and up to 500,000 were evacuated. Sunday 20th January, 2002 In Kisangani, it is reported that price of sugar increased by 200%. Large fissures have developed along the slopes of Mount Nyiragongo, prompting fears that lava and toxic gases could be released and cause even more damage than the last eruption. Mount Nyiragongo, located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, erupted on January 17, 2002, ejecting a large cloud of smoke and ash high into the sky and spewing lava down three sides of the volcano. The Government of Rwanda has opened two IDP camps approximately 25 kilometers from Gisenyi with a potential capacity for 85,000 people. Burns and other severe injuries, trauma, respiratory conditions, dehydration, and psychological stress are likely. The area had been experiencing tremors intermittently since March 2001. A 10-foot deep crust had formed over the river of molten rock running underneath, forming a bridge for the thousands of residents trying to get home for the first time since the eruption began on Thursday. Thursday 24th January, 2002 Nyiragongo is a steep-sided, active volcano. While no visual confirmation of the eruption has taken place, ash deposits have been noted. Nyiragongo volcano in eastern Congo erupted Thursday, sending out plumes of ash and three rivers of lava that destroyed 14 villages near the Rwandan border and drove thousands from their homes. Homes, schools, churches and businesses were ruined. There were reports of another volcanic eruption at Mount Nyimuragira, a neighbouring volcano (14 km northwest of Nyiragongo), that had erupted in February 2001. At least 45 people had died and tens of thousands had been left homeless by lava flows from the 3,469-meter-high Mount Nyiragongo, just 10 kilometers north of Goma since last Thursday. Thursday 24th January, 2002 Numerous houses in the villages of Kasenyi and Bugara (at least 600 people live there) collapsed, others are crossed by the still active fault system. The airstrip is considered suitable for DC-3s and Hercules aircraft. The eruption of Mount Nyiragongo on Thursday forced nearly half a million people out of their homes and caused massive destruction. Goma Declared Safe Nyiragongo Volcano (Democratic Republic of Congo) The risk of disease and malnutrition may cause many more deaths in the coming weeks. Unconfirmed reports indicate 45 deaths, but burn victims, smoke inhalation, and other injuries are expected.
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