What does ELF stand for in English? Looking for online definition of ELF or what ELF stands for? Lyriel: Variant of Lyrical, meaning song. For Tolkien's fictional version, see, "Elves" redirects here.  However, elves are frequently mentioned in the alliterating phrase Æsir ok Álfar ('Æsir and elves') and its variants. , From around the Late Middle Ages, the word elf began to be used in English as a term loosely synonymous with the French loan-word fairy; in elite art and literature, at least, it also became associated with diminutive supernatural beings like Puck, hobgoblins, Robin Goodfellow, the English and Scots brownie, and the Northumbrian English hob. Reply. , In one or two Old English medical texts, elves might be envisaged as inflicting illnesses with projectiles. From Middle English elf, from Old English ælf, from Proto-Germanic *albiz. Delivered to your inbox!  Whether significant numbers of Icelandic people do believe in elves or not, elves are certainly prominent in national discourses. " Elves are also prominent, in similar roles, in contemporary Icelandic literature. , Elves appear in some place names, though it is difficult to be sure how many as a variety of other words, including personal names, can appear similar to elf. Elf is a very old word, and has been with us not only in modern English, but in Middle and Old English as well (in Old English it was ælf). , Folk stories told in the nineteenth century about elves are still told in modern Denmark and Sweden, but now feature ethnic minorities in place of elves in an essentially racist discourse.  During the Old English period, separate forms were used for female elves (such as ælfen, putatively from common Germanic *), but during the Middle English period the word elf came routinely to include female beings.  Many of these ballads are first attested in Karen Brahes Folio, a Danish manuscript from the 1570s, but they circulated widely in Scandinavia and northern Britain. We also provide more translator online here. , Khmer culture in Cambodia includes the Mrenh kongveal, elfish beings associated with guarding animals. elf (plural elves) English Wikipedia has an article on: elf. Accordingly, investigating the relationship between beliefs in elves and Christian cosmology has been a preoccupation of scholarship about elves both in early times and in modern research.. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'elf.' , Some scholarship draws parallels between the Arabian tradition of jinn with the elves of medieval Germanic-language cultures. Elf, plural Elves, in Germanic folklore, originally, a spirit of any kind, later specialized into a diminutive creature, usually in tiny human form. elves definition: 1. plural of elf 2. plural of elf 3. pl of elf. Updated April 03, 2020 The term English as a lingua franca (ELF) refers to the teaching, learning, and use of English as a common means of communication (or contact language) for speakers of different native languages. For a long time, views about elves in Old Norse mythology were defined by Snorri Sturluson's Prose Edda, which talks about svartálfar, dökkálfar and ljósálfar ("black elves", "dark elves", and "light elves"). See more. From this Romanticist elite culture came the elves of popular culture that emerged in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Like the huldra in Norway and Sweden, they are hollow when seen from the back. Tagalog Translation | Tagalog Dictionary | Say It! , As German Romanticism got underway and writers started to seek authentic folklore, Jacob Grimm rejected Elf as a recent Anglicism, and promoted the reuse of the old form Elb (plural Elbe or Elben). Yet Andersen also wrote about elvere in The Elfin Hill. English as a lingua franca, a linguistics term for the use of English between speakers of different varieties of English, describing communication that involves people who do not consider English their first language , Although the relevant words are of slightly uncertain meaning, it seems fairly clear that Völundr is described as one of the elves in Völundarkviða. ), Old English had parallel form *elfen (fem. Elf meaning in Bengali - ছোট পরী বিশেষ; | English – Bangla & English (E2B) Online Dictionary. ELF is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms ELF is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms If you want to learn elf in English, you will find the translation here, along with other translations from Polish to English. Aerin is a cool Elvish name that comes from the Tolkien language. , The ballads are characterised by sexual encounters between everyday people and humanlike beings referred to in at least some variants as elves (the same characters also appear as mermen, dwarves, and other kinds of supernatural beings). The most popular example is Elveskud and its many variants (paralleled in English as Clerk Colvill), where a woman from the elf world tries to tempt a young knight to join her in dancing, or simply to live among the elves; in some versions he refuses and in some he accepts, but in either case he dies, tragically. Sometimes the everyday person is a woman and the elf is a man, as in the northern British Tam Lin, The Elfin Knight, and Lady Isabel and the Elf-Knight, in which the Elf-Knight bears away Isabel to murder her, or the Scandinavian Harpans kraft. Spanish colonizers equated them with elf and fairy folklore.. In the Swedish folktale Little Rosa and Long Leda, an elvish woman (älvakvinna) arrives in the end and saves the heroine, Little Rose, on condition that the king's cattle no longer graze on her hill. elf - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. ‘birthmarks were thought to be bruises left by elves’ The Experience of Evil from a Cosmic Perspective", "Die sprachvergleichung und die urgeschichte der indogermanischen völker", "Light-elves, Dark-elves, and Others: Tolkien's Elvish Problem", Sacred trees and groves in Germanic paganism and mythology, Mythological Norse people, items and places, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elf&oldid=995336803, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2020, Articles with dead external links from December 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Old English (ca. The Modern German Elf (m) and Elfe (f) was introduced as a loan-word from English in the 1740s and was prominent in Christoph Martin Wieland's 1764 translation of A Midsummer Night's Dream. Pronunciation .  Meanwhile, an example of an equivalent in the Slavic-speaking world is the vila (plural vile) of Serbo-Croatian (and, partly, Slovene) folklore. This word became partly synonymous with elf by the early modern period. Skuld was skilled in witchcraft (seiðr). Enter search text. An elf (plural: elves) is a type of humanlike supernatural being in Germanic mythology and folklore. The elves in this story are more alike those of traditional Danish folklore, who were beautiful females, living in hills and boulders, capable of dancing a man to death. 450-1100)-language text, Articles containing Old Norse-language text, Articles containing Old High German (ca. , In later medieval prayers, Elves appear as a threatening, even demonic, force. Although elfs may occasionally be found in print the accepted modern plural form of elf is elves. Thus, the alf found in the fairy tale The Elf of the Rose by Danish author Hans Christian Andersen is so tiny he can have a rose blossom for home, and "wings that reached from his shoulders to his feet". They make the toys in a workshop located in the North Pole. In an ethnically fairly homogeneous medieval countryside, supernatural beings provided the Other through which everyday people created their identities; in cosmopolitan industrial contexts, ethnic minorities or immigrants are used in storytelling to similar effect. , By the end of the medieval period, elf was increasingly being supplanted by the French loan-word fairy. Rossella Carnevali and Alice Masillo, ', Guide to the Names in The Lord of the Rings, "Verses versus the Vanir: Response to Simek's "Vanir Obituary", "Elves and Exorcism: Runic and Other Lead Amulets in Medieavl Popular Religion", "Novatoadvance.com, Chasing waterfalls ... and elves", "Icelandreview.com, Iceland Still Believes in Elves and Ghosts", A Brief History of Psychiatry in Islamic World, "Islam, Mental Health and Law: A General Overview", "An Ode on the Popular Superstitions of the Highlands. Elves had danced there.  In Old English, the plural ylfe (attested in Beowulf) is grammatically an ethnonym (a word for an ethnic group), suggesting that elves were seen as people. Learn more. Frequently Asked Questions About elves What is the plural of elf?. In the analysis of Valdimar Tr. These associate elves variously with the gods of Norse mythology, with causing illness, with magic, and with beauty and seduction. Attested beliefs about elves therefore need to be understood as part of Germanic-speakers' Christian culture and not merely a relic of their pre-Christian religion.  In this case, *ɑlβi-z connotes the meaning, "skillful, inventive, clever", and is a cognate with the Latin labor, in the sense of "creative work". The English word elf is from the Old English word most often attested as ælf (whose plural would have been *ælfe).  As his most prominent deed in the poem is to rape Böðvildr, the poem associates elves with being a sexual threat to maidens. One could appease the elves by offering them a treat (preferably butter) placed into an elven mill. There are, it should be noted, numerous exceptions to this, such as roof/roofs, and serf/serfs. , In a similar vein, elves are in Middle German most often associated with deceiving or bewildering people in a phrase that occurs so often it would appear to be proverbial: die elben/der alp trieget mich ("the elves/elf are/is deceiving me").  Many commentators have also (or instead) argued for conceptual overlap between elves and dwarves in Old Norse mythology, which may fit with trends in the medieval German evidence. Elf Names Beginning with Z. Zabbas – Male; Zaltarish – Male; Zeale – Female; Zhuirentel – Female; 14 Comments. Accessed 20 Dec. 2020. The Germanic word presumably originally meant "white one", perhaps as a euphemism.  Elves also appear in a couple of verse spells, including the Bergen rune-charm from among the Bryggen inscriptions. Electron localization function, a concept in quantum mechanics; Extremely low frequency, the band of radio frequencies from 3 to 30 Hertz; Linguistics. The idea also occurs in later traditions in Scandinavia and beyond, so it may be an early attestation of a prominent tradition. , Scholars have at times also tried to explain beliefs in elves as being inspired by people suffering certain kinds of illnesses (such as Williams syndrome). , Supernatural being in Germanic mythology and folklore, This article is about the mythical creature. , Scholars of Old Norse mythology now focus on references to elves in Old Norse poetry, particularly the Elder Edda.  Just as álfar is associated with Æsir in Old Norse, the Old English Wið færstice associates elves with ēse; whatever this word meant by the tenth century, etymologically it denoted pagan gods. Viewing elves as being more or less like people, and more or less outside Christian cosmology. Things are further complicated by the fact that when referring to the elves of Old Norse mythology, scholars have adopted new forms based directly on the Old Norse word álfr.  In the same vein, Johann Gottfried Herder translated the Danish ballad Elveskud in his 1778 collection of folk songs, Stimmen der Völker in Liedern, as "Erlkönigs Tochter" ("The Erl-king's Daughter"; it appears that Herder introduced the term Erlkönig into German through a mis-Germanisation of the Danish word for elf). However, in the modern languages, traditional terms related to álfr have tended to be replaced with other terms. Elf dili translation in Turkish-English dictionary. , A pioneering work of the fantasy genre was The King of Elfland's Daughter, a 1924 novel by Lord Dunsany. The other similar words are Bhoot and Jin.  Correspondingly, in the early modern period, elves are described in north Germany doing the evil bidding of witches; Martin Luther believed his mother to have been afflicted in this way. , In folk stories, Scandinavian elves often play the role of disease spirits. , The earliest surviving manuscripts mentioning elves in any Germanic language are from Anglo-Saxon England. Definition a small imaginary person with magic powers View the full definition in the Macmillan Dictionary Origin and usage The noun elf comes from Old English and is of Germanic origin. They are similar to elves in that they can be helpful or malevolent, but are usually indifferent to mortals. While the term is often translated as "elves", it literally translates to "hidden people" or "whistling people". These names may have been influenced by Celtic names beginning in Albio- such as Albiorix. This is not necessarily the case, however. In the eighteenth century, German Romanticist writers were influenced by this notion of the elf, and reimported the English word elf into the German language. They are said to be gifted in magic, mentally sharp and lovers of nature, art, and song. ELF may be:. These are often called "elves" (älvor in modern Swedish, alfer in Danish, álfar in Icelandic), although the more formal translation in Danish is feer. Although this word took a variety of forms in different Old English dialects, these converged on the form elf during the Middle English period. The synonyms of Elf include are Brownie, Elfin, Fairy, Fay and Pixie. However, it was his little helpers, inspired partly by folktales like The Elves and the Shoemaker, who became known as "Santa's elves"; the processes through which this came about are not well-understood, but one key figure was a Christmas-related publication by the German-American cartoonist Thomas Nast. They therefore give people an unusual degree of access to ideas of elves from older traditional culture. , Evidence for elf beliefs in medieval Scandinavia outside Iceland is very sparse, but the Icelandic evidence is uniquely rich. In the twentieth century, scholars often labelled the illnesses elves caused as "elf-shot", but work from the 1990s onwards showed that the medieval evidence for elves' being thought to cause illnesses in this way is slender; debate about its significance is ongoing.. Elb, Elben was consequently introduced in the 1972 German translation of The Lord of the Rings, repopularising the form in German. Accounts of Skuld in earlier sources, however, do not include this material. With Reverso you can find the English translation, definition or synonym for elf and thousands of other words. An example is Andrew Lang's fairy tale Princess Nobody (1884), illustrated by Richard Doyle, where fairies are tiny people with butterfly wings, whereas elves are tiny people with red stocking caps. , Beliefs in elves causing illnesses remained prominent in early modern Scotland, where elves were viewed as being supernaturally powerful people who lived invisibly alongside everyday rural people. , In order to protect themselves and their livestock against malevolent elves, Scandinavians could use a so-called Elf cross (Alfkors, Älvkors or Ellakors), which was carved into buildings or other objects.  However, it again seems unlikely that the origin of beliefs in elves itself is to be explained by people's encounters with objectively real people affected by disease. , Elves have a prominent place in a number of closely related ballads which must have originated in the Middle Ages but are first attested in the early modern period.  Some of the comparisons are quite precise: for example, the root of the word jinn was used in medieval Arabic terms for madness and possession in similar ways to the Old English word ylfig, which was derived from elf and also denoted prophetic states of mind implicitly associated with elfish possession.  Where enough people have believed in the reality of elves that those beliefs then had real effects in the world, they can be understood as part of people's worldview, and as a social reality: a thing which, like the exchange value of a dollar bill or the sense of pride stirred up by a national flag, is real because of people's beliefs rather than as an objective reality. , The fantasy genre in the twentieth century grew out of nineteenth-century Romanticism, in which nineteenth-century scholars such as Andrew Lang and the Grimm brothers collected fairy stories from folklore and in some cases retold them freely. Loriel: English .  Throughout these sources, elves are sometimes associated with the succubus-like supernatural being called the mare. In particular, nineteenth-century scholars tended to think that the dwarf Alberich, whose name etymologically means "elf-powerful", was influenced by early traditions of elves.  In Old English, elves are most often mentioned in medical texts which attest to the belief that elves might afflict humans and livestock with illnesses: apparently mostly sharp, internal pains and mental disorders. Thank you!  An example is Geoffrey Chaucer's satirical tale Sir Thopas, where the title character sets out in a quest for the "elf-queen", who dwells in the "countree of the Faerie". Best translation match: English: Tagalog: elf. They inhabit natural features like mountains, forests, old trees, caves, reefs, etc., as well as personify abstract concepts and natural phenomena. They include a fleeting mention of elves seen out riding in 1168 (in Sturlunga saga); mention of an álfablót ("elves' sacrifice") in Kormáks saga; and the existence of the euphemism ganga álfrek ('go to drive away the elves') for "going to the toilet" in Eyrbyggja saga. It is a fancy form of the name Erin, and has the meaning of being ‘ocean’. Non-human anito are known as diwata, usually euphemistically referred to as dili ingon nato ('those unlike us'). April 1, 2020 at 8:06 pm. Goethe's poem then took on a life of its own, inspiring the Romantic concept of the Erlking, which was influential on literary images of elves from the nineteenth century on. , In the animistic precolonial beliefs of the Philippines, the world can be divided into the material world and the spirit world. , As American Christmas traditions crystallized in the nineteenth century, the 1823 poem "A Visit from St. Nicholas" (widely known as "'Twas the Night before Christmas") characterized St Nicholas himself as "a right jolly old elf". For example, because the cognates suggest matt white rather than shining white, and because in medieval Scandinavian texts whiteness is associated with beauty, Alaric Hall has suggested that elves may have been called "the white people" because whiteness was associated with (specifically feminine) beauty. , In later Old Icelandic, alfr' ("elf") and the personal name which in Common Germanic had been *Aþa(l)wulfaz both coincidentally became álfr~Álfr. , If a human watched the dance of the elves, he would discover that even though only a few hours seemed to have passed, many years had passed in the real world.  However, elves have in many times and places been believed to be real beings. However, where narratives are more human-centered, as in The Lord of the Rings, elves tend to sustain their role as powerful, sometimes threatening, outsiders. Tagalog to English.  Post-Tolkien fantasy elves (which feature not only in novels but also in role-playing games such as Dungeons & Dragons) are often portrayed as being wiser and more beautiful than humans, with sharper senses and perceptions as well. Elves definition is - plural of elf. In addition to elf / ælf (masc. Top ELF acronym definition related to defence: English Language Framework Dating in use from before the 12th century, elf has similarities to a number of related words in other languages, such as the Middle Low German alf ("incubus") and the Old Norse alfr ("elf").  By the fourteenth century they were also associated with the arcane practice of alchemy.  However, this is now thought to be a misunderstanding: the image proves to be a conventional illustration of God's arrows and of Christian demons. English . Although this word took a variety of forms in different Old English dialects, these converged on the form elf during the Middle English period. 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